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Aspire City

Source: Hubei Writers Network Published: 2019-11-20 Author: Hua Shan

Aspire City

Hua Shan

Wuhan Publishing House

First Edition October 2019

Pricing: 38 yuan

Hua Shan's novels "Aspire to the City" published

On November 18, supported by the Huanggang Culture and Art Fund, the Huanggang writer Hua Shan's collection of novels "Aspire City" published by Wuhan Publishing House met with readers.

The book featured 11 short and medium-length novels published by the author in publicly published literary journals. These novels tell the stories of small people at the grassroots level, reflecting their pursuit of career and love, as well as the embarrassment and helplessness of survival. The novel's calm and old narrative discourse, vivid and delicate character psychological activities, and highly individualized narrative style make the story both ancient and fresh, with a desolate and euphemistic charm, reflecting the author's conscious textual awareness. The work meets the requirements of socialist core values, promotes the main theme, spreads positive energy, and inherits and carries forward the poetic vernacular tradition.

Hua Shan, a member of the Hubei Regiment, a member of the Provincial Writers Association, has more than 2 million words of novels scattered in "Fang Cao", "Yangtze River", "Dianchi", "Coconut City", "Sunshine", "Hunan Literature", "Shaanxi Literature" The "Fiction Monthly", "Short Stories" and other journals have published a total of 9 novels, prose and poetry collections.

(Contributed by Xu Shuai)

Emphasize the era of group portraits

——Read Hua Shan's short stories

Yang Guoqing

The writer Mr. Hua Shan's collection of novels, Aspire City, is about to be published by Wuhan Publishing House. He trusted me very much and passed the electronic version of the book to me in advance, which made me read the book firsthand. It can be seen that in the book, the writer has carefully shaped a group of lively figures of the times.

Timeliness is the most essential characteristic of literary works. Balzac and Lev Tolstoy are known for writing characters that express a particular era. In the study of literary theory and the practice of literary creation, Mr. Mao Dun devoted himself to the contemporary expression and writing of literature. Mr. Mao Dun said: "Literature is a reflection of the times", "True literature is only a reflection of the times." He pointed out that literature should be one of the artistic aesthetic methods of "representing the era, explaining the era, and promoting the era". He also earnestly hoped that "the writers who are at the forefront of the times should shoulder the mission of the times on their shoulders." "Aspire City" has made a solid effort in this regard and made valuable explorations and efforts. The book includes 11 novels and short stories published by writers in "Fang Cao", "Fang Cao ▪ Tide", "Hunan Literature" and "Dianchi" from 2012 to 2017. Describes more than 20 characters from different eras, periods and different personalities, showing a more distinctive era.

The collection of novels spans the time from the 1940s to the new era of Chinese characteristicism today. It spans more than 80 years, is broad and magnificent, and profoundly and realistically displays the time and space scenes and colorful scenes of different eras. The character image is a colorful picture of the times and customs, and it is a character image with various personalities. Various aspects of life and characters were written in the Anti-Japanese War, the "Cultural Revolution", the reform and opening up, and the new era from various aspects, making people feel the breath of different eras as if they were immersed in the face, and various character images followed.

"Food is Cooked" specifically describes the touching story of the soldiers and civilians of Tuanfeng County who bravely defended their autumn harvest in 1942, and fought fiercely with Japanese devils and puppet soldiers. In the tragic era atmosphere of an inch of mountains and rivers, the soldiers of Wangjiafang Village in Tuanfeng County The soldiers and civilians of the team and the squadron of the district clamored with their enemies, resolutely bravely, repelled the enemy's sneak attack, and successfully guarded the safety of the villagers and the fruits of autumn harvest. The figures of the militia captain Zhang Dayong, militia Sanxi, Zhao Dalan, and Tie Suo are vivid. At the same time, young women Chungui, village head Ma Jiuru, and pseudo-squad leader Xu Sanlang were also written, in stark contrast to the heroes of the anti-Japanese military and civilians. In the strong comparison between heroes and spies, sublime and insignificant, justice and evil, readers saw the hardships of the Anti-Japanese War, saw the fierce game of beauty, ugliness, good and evil, and the long-term reflection of the historical clouds on the contemporary era.

The "Cultural Revolution" is a special period, which is gradually distant from us. The novel "The Crying Summer" awakened people's memories of the year. The writer writes in dots, and through a village, that is, a few young people in a production team, fight for power and fight for dehumanization. After watching it, people sighed and thought deeply. It can be said that "Mu Dao Kunming Pond is shallow, watching fish is better than Fuchun River". To a certain extent, the scene of the grass-roots rural Cultural Revolution at that time can be seen, and a heavy stroke with blood and tears has been smeared for this particular era. Can't help but be lamentable and sad.

19th-century French thinker Pascal said that humans are half angels and half devil. In this novel, we can see the cruelty and helplessness of the duality and contradiction of personality, struggling with each other and fighting each other. Chairman Fu Yuanxue's quotations were very positive. The captain trained him to join the party, which aroused Ma Xigui's jealousy. Shows the cruelest, ugliest, and despicable side of human nature. During the Cultural Revolution, there was a saying, "Long live not to leave your mouth, your quotations should not leave your hands, to speak good words to your face, and to have a poisonous hand behind you." This is very appropriate to describe Ma Xigui, he thought to kill Fu Yuan. The captain named Wu Dayong, a poor family member, as a suspect. He held a study class for several days and nights. In the end, he committed suicide with injustice. Ma Xigui eventually committed suicide because of condemnation. In order to compete for the position of a small captain, three lives were connected. The power to turn Ma Xigui from a human to a murderous devil can not help but make readers think twice about how to maintain a balance between power and human nature in the "crying summer", so that similar tragedies will not happen again. The novel is a dojo in the shell of a snail, and by writing about the struggle for power of a production team, people see a side of the "cultural revolution" era.

The title of the collection of novels is "yearning for the city", so the novel naturally clearly writes the content of "yearning for the city" and some characters who yearn for city life and work hard to develop the city, which reflects the distinctive characteristics of the times. China has a farming society of more than 2,000 years. Until the reform and opening up in the early 1980s, the dreams of many rural people and farmers "yearning for the city" gradually became a reality. According to the philosophical viewpoint of the classic works of Marxism, there is a sense of decision. Literature, which is one of the forms of "consciousness" that expresses and reflects "existence", directs the brushwork to the "existence" of the peasants "yearning for the city", and its era is self-evident. The writer concentrated on writing multiple images of migrant workers living and working in the city, which became a beautiful landscape of the book. The epochal nature of reform and opening up has followed.

"A yearning for the city" is a short story. The writer uses the title of the novel as the title of the novel collection. It has its unique profound meaning and moral meaning, which is in line with a significant feature of the changes of the times. China and other countries in the world are accelerating urbanization. There are six novels in this area, which account for more than half of the entire book. There are people who "want to the city" come to the city to work hard, and there are also people who pursue and "want" in the urban life to have more exciting and different lives. They have different experiences, different personalities, and life twists and turns. They have tasted the bitterness and sweetness of life, so they also have multiple manifestations, or sink, or rise, or fight, or fight, thereby showing the complexity and diversity of character. , Also shows the rich and interesting richness of the novel content.

Xiao Shao in "Longing to the City" came to the city from the countryside and did a good job, but he didn't adapt to the night life of the city. He felt distressed when he met his girlfriend a few times and then thought of the dark land of his hometown. In the city, it seems very distressed and embarrassing. This is just as the lyrics sing: the outside world is wonderful, and the outside world is helpless. It seems that "yearning for the city" also needs psychological preparation and skills to adapt to urban life. Young people who think of going to the city can learn from it. The novel deeply reflects and reveals the core and key of urbanization and urbanization: it is the urbanization and modernization of people's ideology, and people need to keep pace with the times and constantly adapt to the new situation. Xiao Shao's inability to adapt to urban life is a superficial and blank portrait of the spirit. This illustrates the difficulty of farmers' integration into urban life and spiritual life from one side, and it also shows the era's luster from a higher level.

The golden flower in "Fox" is the opposite of Xiao Shao in "Longing to the City". She came to Wuhan to work from the village, and the dog who went out of the village to work as a contractor in the provincial capital is like a fish in the city. This shows another kind of character who yearns for the city. The novel is very specific and detailed about the emotions and love incidents that Jinhua and Gouzi had while working in Wuhan, and the public opinion turbulence caused in the village. Praises Jinhua for her courage and courage in pursuing true love because of her husband's incompetence, and her beautiful personality of frankness, enthusiasm, tenacity, and perseverance. At the same time, she has been ruthless and spicy to Uncle Quan, a character who is benevolent and sly Irony and attack. He was very lascivious, and persuaded Jinhua's husband not to hit her, but he wanted him to strip out Jinhua's shorts and look at her "place". "Even if you pull a seam, you can die without regrets. ". It is a full-blown pervert. Soon he enlarged his nephew's daughter-in-law's belly, and his nephew died to save water. But he also has 320 silvers here, saying that this matter has nothing to do with him. Uncle Quan is a very characteristic figure. He is a person in front of him, a ghost behind him, a gentleman on the surface, a male thief and a son-in-law, a typical two-sided person! It should be said that Jinhua and Xiao Shao are two contrasting roles, "yearning for the city" is the trend of the times, and the crux of the problem is to see if you can take root in the city. Xiao Shao is clearly a fledgling and looks naive and naive. Some more.

"Peach" writes Dean's wife, Tao, who works in Beijing. This female image is worthy of praise! Because Dean could not bear the beating of the contractor's younger brother, he defended himself and killed him. He jumped off the building in order to preserve his personality. Taozi received a telegram from her husband's workers and went to Beijing to handle the funeral. She was righteous and upright in the process of handling her husband's funeral. She showed the pride of the migrant worker's wife. When she spontaneously donated her pension, she led two young children to thank her knees. There is justice in the heavens and the earth, and the earth must be fair. The novel describes De'an, a common but not ordinary migrant worker's heroic character and bravery. In order to punish the evil, he spares no effort to fight the bully of the construction site with his life. At the same time, he also writes a touching act of nostalgia and loyal husband by her father. Find another man, but she will not resolutely, very resolutely with two children to live hard and difficult, firm and tenacious.

"Little Nanny" is a sad story, which has a bit of desolation and sadness to the present era. Let people see the alienation of human nature from another angle, and also feel the complexity and esoteric nature of the times. The 20-year-old babysitter Shanhua came to Wuhan from Shanxiang to serve as the nanny for female reporter Wu Min's mother. Unfortunately, she was tricked into a well-known town to be a daughter-in-law to a man with severe physical defects. And this abduction is actually made by the collective decision of the town's leadership, which can be said to be a collective crime. Wu Min went to seek and rescue her many times without success. At first, Shanhua refused to submit to escape from captivity, but was later tempted by money and comfortable life to obey, naturalize, and even "wanted" and was very willing. To enjoy this kind of abnormal life of paper drunken gold fans, Wu Min felt very desperate and sad when she saw her for the last time, and saw that she was dressed in pearls and jewels, almost deceptive and disgusting. At the same time, the novel focuses on portraying Wu Min's good-natured character, sincerity and justice, and is a good journalist with "iron shoulders morality and wonderful handwriting". Shanhua has some similarities with the spring peaches in The Grain Is Cooked. It is sad and shameful to sell personality and soul for the sake of satisfying material interests and selfish desires. It can be seen that there are similar characters with different conduct and moral loss in different times. This can be seen more vividly.

It is through these portrayals of different lives and encounters between different rural people and cities that they show the main thread of the era of "yearning for the city" from multiple dimensions, and project the colorfulness of the times of the novel.

People living in cities don't need to "yearn for the city", but "yearn for" and pursue a more exciting life. "I Come Up with a Book" describes the story of "I" and his wife, Lin Wu, Yu Rong and other college students and acquaintances who were chasing money, fame and fortune, and derailed their emotions. It is an upgraded version of "Aspire to the City". Yu Rong's husband became the county head, and she divorced him on the grounds that she was not interested in politics. In order to make progress in the career, "I" came up with a book. My friend Lin Wu liked a few of my grandpa's postbooks. It said it was worth more than 100,000. He would be happy to find someone to help me publish a book. Conditions It is time to send him the stamp collection. He said that he was an iron buddy with me, and even if there was a bun, I would eat half of it. Then several people started some abnormal or even ambiguous exchanges. I sympathize with Yu Rong and cause my wife to divorce me, and she is so entangled with me that I went to her bed. Lin Wu has been chasing her, but she looks down on her. I was disappointed and distressed in this series of emotional swirls, and I burned the book after it was published. Yu Rong has always been tender to me. Lin Wu finally had to marry another girl. The next day he stabbed Yu Rong with enthusiasm and was taken away by the police. It can be said that he was imprisoned as soon as he entered the cave. In the end, I want to marry Yu Rong and she firmly disagrees. The novel ends in tragedy, giving people a lot of painful thinking about life, friendship, and "yearning for the city". The novel writes Lin Wu's hypocrisy and madness, so-called to the "I" iron buddies is to pretend to be a good person for money.

The ancient Roman thinker Cicero said, "Friendship exists only between good people." "Their behavior and life are undoubtedly noble, innocent, fair, and unaffected; they are not greedy, immoral, or rude; and they have courage. Do what you think is right. "Lin Wu in the novel differs from these" good guys "by a standard of eighteen thousand miles, but he talks to me about friendship and friendship. Is a full hypocrite. It is a guy who is good at concealing the dirty mind with verbal friendship and covering the evil revenge with false smile. In the end, he was punished by law, which was his retribution. The novel artistically expresses the principle that anyone must be honest and consistent everywhere and abide by the law, otherwise they will be punished by the law, and the dream of "yearning for the city" will never be realized. The novel "Childhood" writes beautifully and beautifully, describing the childhood friendship and playfulness of the two little girls. Zhang Ting hours followed the parents who were transferred to study in a small county from the countryside, which is also a natural "yearning for the city". She met and loved her little girl and became good friends. She has good grades, but loves the poor at home and can only work all day. But Ai Ai expressed her ambition that she would send her child to school in the future, go to high school, university, and go to work and live in the city. Her own wish could not be realized, but she wanted to realize the ideal of making her children become city people. valuable.

Most of the novel collections write the story of "yearning for the city", but there are two novels that describe the city from the countryside. They can be said to be successful counter-attacks, and they also show a distinctive and precious era.

"When does the bright moon come" affectionately chanting the touching deeds of Qin Gu, the sixth deputy director of the county education bureau, who has been teaching for 30 years, to teach in a middle school with the most remote conditions and the most difficult conditions, and intercepted his 50th birthday at the mid-autumn night This unusual node looks back at his ups and downs, his life of ups and downs, suffering, and the pain of marriage. He sympathized and praised him for his cleanliness, integrity, indomitableness, uprightness, and other good qualities. The secret battles with humans, hypocrisy made a three-point disclosure and flogging. Qin Gu, for the students ’tomorrow, and the parents’ high expectations, endured the injustices and the injustices of his colleagues, he resolutely came to the school, and quickly opened the situation, winning the students' welcome and parents Our trust. In order for the rural children to "yearn for the city" tomorrow, he ignored tomorrow's misfortunes and focused on training tomorrow's talents. It really is "when does the moon come, ask the wine to the sky"!

The well-known Russian writer Lev Tolstoy was active in rural education. He said: "I am in love with these thousands of educated children." "Every time I walk into the school, I see a pair of bright eyes, naive. Splendid, with torn clothes, muddy, and skinny children, a panic and horror erupted in their hearts, just like seeing a person who is about to be submerged ... and it is the children who are often submerged The most precious spiritual wealth that is compelling. I want to educate the people, just to save the Pushkins who are about to drown ... There are so many talents in every school. "It should be said that Qin Gu has this This kind of great feelings for national education! The character's distinctive typicality and timeliness stand out three-dimensionally on him.

"College Students from the City" is closely linked to the pulse of the times, specifically writing about Meng Jia, a graduate of a prestigious university in the provincial city, from the county Party Committee Organization Department to the most remote township, serving as the deputy head of science and technology. The formidable battle should be in season. At first Meng Jia couldn't figure it out. She always wanted to leave this remote mountain. Later, he mingled with the villagers and used the excellent potato varieties cultivated by the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences to help farmers solve the problem of food and clothing. He did a good job in the field and harvested love. Finally he was transferred to the Municipal Poverty Alleviation Office. At the grassroots level, his soul is purified, and his personality and character are sublimated. It is a matter of course that he can take a heavy responsibility. The image of Meng Jia is very inspiring and encouraging to the young cadres who are struggling to fight poverty. The era of the novel can be said to shine.

"Five Gui River" is a novel with light tunes, beautiful scenery and lingering love. It writes about the love most people yearn for. A stonemason and a beautiful foreign woman are inextricably linked and emotionally connected. His love and thoughts for her were as hard and sturdy, pure and beautiful as the stone he carved every day. At the picturesque Wugui River, they performed a love fairy tale like "The Green Mountain Turns into a Bridge". The ethereal environment and the clean and beautiful characters complement each other and are very harmonious. Like natural muddy. One day he saw her: the jade face was like rain hitting pear blossoms, and the waist was like the wind blowing green willows. I don't think she can sleep at night. One night he heard a cry from a woman on the other side. He hurried across the river and rushed into her house to see a man running away from the bed in panic. Since then he keeps the door for her every night. When she learned that he was ill, she took medicine and served him. She said, "I'm here." He responded, "I don't disagree." Three years later, he and her had a close relationship. Soon she left. The stonemason stood by the river every night until he was old. "Is the stonemason just keeping the night? What he keeps is the love of his life!" Love is the most gorgeous and touching chapter in each era. It is harmonious and beautiful resonance.

Plekhanov said: "Literature—the reflection of the spiritual nature of a nation—is the product of the historical conditions that created it. That is to say, it is not human nature, not a certain national character, but its History and its social system. It tells us its literature. "He also believes that" literature is the product of social system. " Forty years of reform and opening up, new policies and new mechanisms have allowed a large number of farmers to work in cities, fulfilling their urban dreams for many years. The writer observed this new meteorology and new things with keen eyes, and then transformed them into multiple novels with different contents and different characters in the novel through profound thinking and fine writing, and also wrote different eras Together with the novel characters of the period, they (they) together form a splendid image gathered from different eras, and the era of the group portraits of the novel is then thin out.

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Technical Support: Hubei Daily

Aspire City

2019-11-20 17-20-21

Aspire City

Hua Shan

Wuhan Publishing House

First Edition October 2019

Pricing: 38 yuan

Hua Shan's novels "Aspire to the City" published

On November 18, supported by the Huanggang Culture and Art Fund, the Huanggang writer Hua Shan's collection of novels "Aspire City" published by Wuhan Publishing House met with readers.

The book featured 11 short and medium-length novels published by the author in publicly published literary journals. These novels tell the stories of small people at the grassroots level, reflecting their pursuit of career and love, as well as the embarrassment and helplessness of survival. The novel's calm and old narrative discourse, vivid and delicate character psychological activities, and highly individualized narrative style make the story both ancient and fresh, with a desolate and euphemistic charm, reflecting the author's conscious textual awareness. The work meets the requirements of socialist core values, promotes the main theme, spreads positive energy, and inherits and carries forward the poetic vernacular tradition.

Hua Shan, a member of the Hubei Regiment, a member of the Provincial Writers Association, has more than 2 million words of novels scattered in "Fang Cao", "Yangtze River", "Dianchi", "Coconut City", "Sunshine", "Hunan Literature", "Shaanxi Literature" The "Fiction Monthly", "Short Stories" and other journals have published a total of 9 novels, prose and poetry collections.

(Contributed by Xu Shuai)

Emphasize the era of group portraits

——Read Hua Shan's short stories

Yang Guoqing

The writer Mr. Hua Shan's collection of novels, Aspire City, is about to be published by Wuhan Publishing House. He trusted me very much and passed the electronic version of the book to me in advance, which made me read the book firsthand. It can be seen that in the book, the writer has carefully shaped a group of lively figures of the times.

Timeliness is the most essential characteristic of literary works. Balzac and Lev Tolstoy are known for writing characters that express a particular era. In the study of literary theory and the practice of literary creation, Mr. Mao Dun devoted himself to the contemporary expression and writing of literature. Mr. Mao Dun said: "Literature is a reflection of the times", "True literature is only a reflection of the times." He pointed out that literature should be one of the artistic aesthetic methods of "representing the era, explaining the era, and promoting the era". He also earnestly hoped that "the writers who are at the forefront of the times should shoulder the mission of the times on their shoulders." "Aspire City" has made a solid effort in this regard and made valuable explorations and efforts. The book includes 11 novels and short stories published by writers in "Fang Cao", "Fang Cao ▪ Tide", "Hunan Literature" and "Dianchi" from 2012 to 2017. Describes more than 20 characters from different eras, periods and different personalities, showing a more distinctive era.

The collection of novels spans the time from the 1940s to the new era of Chinese characteristicism today. It spans more than 80 years, is broad and magnificent, and profoundly and realistically displays the time and space scenes and colorful scenes of different eras. The character image is a colorful picture of the times and customs, and it is a character image with various personalities. Various aspects of life and characters were written in the Anti-Japanese War, the "Cultural Revolution", the reform and opening up, and the new era from various aspects, making people feel the breath of different eras as if they were immersed in the face, and various character images followed.

"Food is Cooked" specifically describes the touching story of the soldiers and civilians of Tuanfeng County who bravely defended their autumn harvest in 1942, and fought fiercely with the Japanese devils and the puppet army. The soldiers and civilians of the team and the squadron of the district clamored with their enemies, resolutely bravely, repelled the enemy's sneak attack, and successfully guarded the safety of the villagers and the fruits of autumn harvest. The figures of the militia captain Zhang Dayong, militia Sanxi, Zhao Dalan, and Tie Suo are vivid. At the same time, young women Chungui, village head Ma Jiuru, and pseudo-squad leader Xu Sanlang were also written, in stark contrast to the heroes of the anti-Japanese military and civilians. In the strong comparison between heroes and spies, sublime and insignificant, justice and evil, readers saw the hardships of the Anti-Japanese War, saw the fierce game of beauty, ugliness, good and evil, and the long-term reflection of the historical clouds on the contemporary era.

The "Cultural Revolution" is a special period, which is gradually distant from us. The novel "The Crying Summer" awakened people's memories of the year. The writer writes in dots, and through a village, that is, a few young people in a production team, fight for power and fight for dehumanization. After watching it, people sighed and thought deeply. It can be said that "Mu Dao Kunming Pond is shallow, watching fish is better than Fuchun River". To a certain extent, the scene of the grass-roots rural Cultural Revolution at that time can be seen, and a heavy stroke with blood and tears has been smeared for this particular era. Can't help but be lamentable and sad.

19th-century French thinker Pascal said that humans are half angels and half devil. In this novel, we can see the cruelty and helplessness of the duality and contradiction of personality, struggling with each other and fighting each other. Chairman Fu Yuanxue's quotations were very positive. The captain trained him to join the party, which aroused Ma Xigui's jealousy. Shows the cruelest, ugliest, and despicable side of human nature. During the Cultural Revolution, there was a saying, "Long live not to leave your mouth, your quotations should not leave your hands, to speak good words to your face, and to have a poisonous hand behind you." This is very appropriate to describe Ma Xigui, he thought to kill Fu Yuan. The captain named Wu Dayong, a poor family member, as a suspect. He held a study class for several days and nights. In the end, he committed suicide with injustice. Ma Xigui eventually committed suicide because of condemnation. In order to compete for the position of a small captain, three lives were connected. The power to turn Ma Xigui from a human to a murderous devil can not help but make readers think twice about how to maintain a balance between power and human nature in the "crying summer", so that similar tragedies will not happen again. The novel is a dojo in the shell of a snail, and by writing about the struggle for power of a production team, people see a side of the "cultural revolution" era.

The title of the collection of novels is "yearning for the city", so the novel naturally clearly writes the content of "yearning for the city" and some characters who yearn for city life and work hard to develop the city, which reflects the distinctive characteristics of the times. China has a farming society of more than 2,000 years. Until the reform and opening up in the early 1980s, the dreams of many rural people and farmers "yearning for the city" gradually became a reality. According to the philosophical viewpoint of the classic works of Marxism, there is a sense of decision. Literature, which is one of the forms of "consciousness" that expresses and reflects "existence", directs the brushwork to the "existence" of the peasants "yearning for the city", and its era is self-evident. The writer concentrated on writing multiple images of migrant workers living and working in the city, which became a beautiful landscape of the book. The epochal nature of reform and opening up has followed.

"A yearning for the city" is a short story. The writer uses the title of the novel as the title of the novel collection. It has its unique profound meaning and moral meaning, which is in line with a significant feature of the changes of the times. China and other countries in the world are accelerating the process of urbanization. There are six novels in this area, which account for more than half of the entire book. There are people who "want to the city" come to the city to work hard, and there are also people who pursue and "want" in the urban life to have more exciting and different lives. They have different experiences, different personalities, and life twists and turns. They have tasted the bitterness and sweetness of life, so they also have multiple manifestations, or sink, or rise, or fight, or fight, thereby showing the complexity and diversity of character. , Also shows the rich and interesting richness of the novel content.

Xiao Shao in "Longing to the City" came to the city from the countryside and did a good job, but he didn't adapt to the night life of the city. He felt distressed when he met his girlfriend a few times and then thought of the dark land of his hometown. He wanted to go back and continue to stay. In the city, it seems very distressed and embarrassing. This is just as the lyrics sing: the outside world is wonderful, and the outside world is helpless. It seems that "yearning for the city" also needs psychological preparation and skills to adapt to urban life. Young people who think of going to the city can learn from it. The novel deeply reflects and reveals the core and key of urbanization and urbanization: it is the urbanization and modernization of people's ideology, and people need to keep pace with the times and constantly adapt to the new situation. Xiao Shao's inability to adapt to urban life is a superficial and blank portrait of the spirit. This illustrates the difficulty of farmers' integration into urban life and spiritual life from one side, and it also shows the era's luster from a higher level.

The golden flower in "Fox" is the opposite of Xiao Shao in "Longing to the City". She came to Wuhan to work from the village, and the dog who went out of the village to work as a contractor in the provincial capital is like a fish in the city. This shows another kind of character who yearns for the city. The novel is very specific and detailed about the emotions and love incidents that Jinhua and Gouzi had while working in Wuhan, and the public opinion turbulence caused in the village. Praises Jinhua for her courage and courage in pursuing true love because of her husband's incompetence, and her beautiful personality of frankness, enthusiasm, tenacity, and perseverance. At the same time, she has been ruthless and spicy to Uncle Quan, a character who is benevolent and treacherous. Irony and attack. He was very lascivious, and persuaded Jinhua's husband not to hit her, but he wanted him to strip out Jinhua's shorts and look at her "place". "Even if you pull a seam, you can die without regrets. ". It is a full-blown pervert. Soon he enlarged his nephew's daughter-in-law's belly, and his nephew died to save water. But he also has 320 silvers here, saying that this matter has nothing to do with him. Uncle Quan is a very characteristic figure. He is a person in front of him, a ghost behind him, a gentleman on the surface, a male thief and a son-in-law, a typical two-sided person! It should be said that Jinhua and Xiao Shao are two contrasting roles, "yearning for the city" is the trend of the times, and the crux of the problem is to see if you can take root in the city. Xiao Shao is clearly a fledgling and looks naive and naive. Some more.

"Peach" writes Dean's wife, Tao, who works in Beijing. This female image is worthy of praise! Because Dean could not bear the beating of the contractor's younger brother, he defended himself and killed him. He jumped off the building in order to preserve his personality. Taozi received a telegram from her husband's workmates and went to Beijing to handle the funeral. She was righteous and upright in the process of handling her husband's funeral, showing the arrogance of the migrant worker's wife. She did not accept the charity of the contractor, but more than 100 workers When she spontaneously donated her pension, she led two young children to thank her knees. There is justice in the heavens and the earth, and the earth must be fair. The novel describes De'an, a common but not ordinary migrant worker's heroic character and bravery. In order to punish the evil, he spares no effort to fight the bully of the construction site with his life. At the same time, he also writes a touching act of nostalgia and a loyal husband by her father. Her father advises her Find another man, but she will not resolutely, very resolutely with two children to live hard and difficult, firm and tenacious.

"Little Nanny" is a sad story, which has a bit of desolation and sadness to the present era. Let people see the alienation of human nature from another angle, and also feel the complexity and esoteric nature of the times. The 20-year-old babysitter Shanhua came to Wuhan from Shanxiang to serve as the nanny for female reporter Wu Min's mother. Unfortunately, she was tricked into a well-known town to be a daughter-in-law to a man with severe physical defects. And this abduction is actually made by the collective decision of the town's leadership, which can be said to be a collective crime. Wu Min went to seek and rescue her many times without success. At first, Shanhua refused to submit to escape from captivity, but was later tempted by money and comfortable life to obey, naturalize, and even "wanted" and was very willing. To enjoy this kind of abnormal life of paper drunken gold fans, Wu Min felt very desperate and sad when she saw her for the last time, and saw that she was dressed in pearls and jewels, almost deceptive and disgusting. At the same time, the novel focuses on portraying Wu Min's good-natured character, sincerity and justice, and is a good journalist with "iron shoulders morality and wonderful handwriting". Shanhua has some similarities with the spring peaches in The Grain Is Cooked. It is sad and shameful to sell personality and soul for the sake of satisfying material interests and selfish desires. It can be seen that there are similar characters with different conduct and moral loss in different times. This can be seen more vividly.

It is through these portrayals of different lives and encounters between different rural people and cities that they show the main thread of the era of "yearning for the city" from multiple dimensions, and project the colorfulness of the times of the novel.

People living in cities don't need to "yearn for the city", but "yearn for" and pursue a more exciting life. "I Come Up with a Book" describes the story of "I" and his wife, Lin Wu, Yu Rong and other college students and acquaintances who were chasing money, fame and fortune, and derailed their emotions. It is an upgraded version of "Aspire to the City". Yu Rong's husband became the county head, and she divorced him on the grounds that she was not interested in politics. In order to make progress in the career, "I" came up with a book. My friend Lin Wu liked a few of my grandpa's postbooks. It said it was worth more than 100,000. He would be happy to find someone to help me publish a book. Conditions It is time to send him the stamp collection. He said that he was an iron buddy with me, and even if there was a bun, I would eat half of it. Then several people started some abnormal or even ambiguous exchanges. I sympathize with Yu Rong and cause my wife to divorce me, and she is so entangled with me that I went to her bed. Lin Wu has been chasing her, but she looks down on her. I was disappointed and distressed in this series of emotional swirls, and I burned the book after it was published. Yu Rong has always been tender to me. Lin Wu finally had to marry another girl. The next day he stabbed Yu Rong with enthusiasm and was taken away by the police. It can be said that he was imprisoned as soon as he entered the cave. In the end, I want to marry Yu Rong and she firmly disagrees. The novel ends in tragedy, giving people a lot of painful thinking about life, friendship, and "yearning for the city". The novel writes Lin Wu's hypocrisy and madness, so-called to the "I" iron buddies is to pretend to be a good person for money.

The ancient Roman thinker Cicero said, "Friendship exists only between good people." "Their behavior and life are undoubtedly noble, innocent, fair, and unaffected; they are not greedy, immoral, or rude; and they have courage. Do what you think is right. "Lin Wu in the novel differs from these" good guys "by a standard of eighteen thousand miles, but he talks to me about friendship and friendship. Is a full hypocrite. It is a guy who is good at concealing the dirty mind with verbal friendship and covering the evil revenge with false smile. In the end, he was punished by law, which was his retribution. The novel artistically expresses the principle that anyone must be honest and consistent everywhere and abide by the law, otherwise they will be punished by the law, and the dream of "yearning for the city" will never be realized. The novel "Childhood" writes beautifully and beautifully, describing the childhood friendship and playfulness of the two little girls. Zhang Ting hours followed the parents who were transferred to study in a small county from the countryside, which is also a natural "yearning for the city". She met and loved her little girl and became good friends. She has good grades, but loves the poor at home and can only work all day. But Ai Ai expressed her ambition that she would send her child to school in the future, go to high school, university, and go to work and live in the city. Her own wish could not be realized, but she wanted to realize the ideal of making her children become city people. valuable.

Most of the novel collections write the story of "yearning for the city", but there are two novels that describe the city from the countryside. They can be said to be successful counter-attacks, and they also show a distinctive and precious era.

"When does the bright moon come" affectionately chanting the touching deeds of Qin Gu, the sixth deputy director of the county education bureau, who has been teaching for 30 years, to teach in a middle school with the most remote conditions and the most difficult conditions, and intercepted his 50th birthday at the mid-autumn night This unusual node looks back at his ups and downs, his life of ups and downs, suffering, and the pain of marriage. He sympathized and praised him for his cleanliness, integrity, indomitableness, uprightness, and other good qualities. The secret battles with humans, hypocrisy made a three-point disclosure and flogging. Qin Gu, for the students ’tomorrow, and the parents’ high expectations, endured the injustices and the injustices of his colleagues, he resolutely came to the school, and quickly opened the situation, winning the students' welcome and parents Our trust. In order for the rural children to "yearn for the city" tomorrow, he ignored tomorrow's misfortunes and focused on training tomorrow's talents. It really is "when does the moon come, ask the wine to the sky"!

The well-known Russian writer Lev Tolstoy was active in rural education. He said: "I am in love with these thousands of educated children." "Every time I walk into the school, I see a pair of bright eyes, naive. Splendid, with torn clothes, muddy, and skinny children, a panic and horror erupted in their hearts, just like seeing a person who is about to be submerged ... and it is the children who are often submerged The most precious spiritual wealth that is compelling. I want to educate the people, just to save the Pushkins who are about to drown ... There are so many talents in every school. "It should be said that Qin Gu has this This kind of great feelings for national education! The character's distinctive typicality and timeliness stand out three-dimensionally on him.

"College Students from the City" is closely linked to the pulse of the times, specifically writing about Meng Jia, a graduate of a prestigious university in the provincial city, from the county Party Committee Organization Department to the most remote township, serving as the deputy head of science and technology, just in line with the current precision poverty alleviation and poverty alleviation. The formidable battle should be in season. At first Meng Jia couldn't figure it out. She always wanted to leave this remote mountain. Later, he mingled with the villagers and used the excellent potato varieties cultivated by the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences to help farmers solve the problem of food and clothing. He did a good job in the field and harvested love. Finally he was transferred to the Municipal Poverty Alleviation Office. At the grassroots level, his soul is purified, and his personality and character are sublimated. It is a matter of course that he can take a heavy responsibility. The image of Meng Jia is very inspiring and encouraging to the young cadres who are struggling to fight poverty. The era of the novel can be said to shine.

"Five Gui River" is a novel with light tunes, beautiful scenery and lingering love. It writes about the love most people yearn for. A stonemason and a beautiful foreign woman are inextricably linked and emotionally connected. His love and thoughts for her were as hard and sturdy, pure and beautiful as the stone he carved every day. At the picturesque Wugui River, they performed a love fairy tale like "The Green Mountain Turns into a Bridge". The ethereal environment and the clean and beautiful characters complement each other and are very harmonious. Like natural muddy. One day he saw her: the jade face was like rain hitting pear blossoms, and the waist was like the wind blowing green willows. I don't think she can sleep at night. One night he heard a cry from a woman on the other side. He hurried across the river and rushed into her house to see a man running away from the bed in panic. Since then he keeps the door for her every night. When she learned that he was ill, she took medicine and served him. She said, "I'm here." He responded, "I don't disagree." Three years later, he and her had a close relationship. Soon she left. The stonemason stood by the river every night until he was old. "Is the stonemason just keeping the night? What he keeps is the love of his life!" Love is the most gorgeous and touching chapter in each era. The beautiful love depicted in this novel is different from the love chapters from ancient times to the present. It is harmonious and beautiful resonance.

Plekhanov said: "Literature—the reflection of the spiritual nature of a nation—is the product of the historical conditions that created it. That is to say, it is not human nature, not a certain national character, but its History and its social system. It tells us its literature. "He also believes that" literature is the product of social system. " Forty years of reform and opening up, new policies and new mechanisms have allowed a large number of farmers to work in cities, fulfilling their urban dreams for many years. The writer observed this new meteorology and new things with keen eyes, and then transformed them into multiple novels with different contents and different characters in the novel through profound thinking and fine writing. Together with the novel characters of the period, they (they) together form a splendid image gathered from different eras, and the era of the group portraits of the novel is then thin out.

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