押庄龙虎

Set Home | Add to Favorites | Contact Us

"White Tiger Village": White Tiger Dreams of Tujia Children

Source: Hubei Writers Network Published: 2016-08-05 Author: HONGKONG

In today's literary world where works such as white-collar beauties, fantasy fantasy, drama history, and urban romance are full of attention, there are relatively few works focusing on the people at the bottom, and the novels featuring migrant workers are scarce. I wrote a legendary story of a Tujia peasant worker who moved between urban and rural areas and returned to the mountainous countryside to change the conservative and closed economic situation in the countryside. The powerful positive energy makes the blood flow, and it can't be calm for a long time.

                      1. The "White Tiger Dream" of the Tujia People

   

    年。 The novel begins with Dr. Gu's mouth, telling the reality of Baihu Village in the mountain village: "Behind the beautiful tree-lined countryside, there are amazing poverty and backwardness." This time has been fixed for nearly 30 years in reform and opening up. Of the year 2008 . Located in Baihu Village, where Tujia people live in the mountainous area of western Hubei, the mountains and rivers are beautiful, and the economy is backward. Due to its remote location, difficult terrain, and traffic barriers, it has been in poverty for a long time. Knocking on a cliff road in Xiuyan to isolate Baihuzhai from the outside world, the motorcycle rides under the cliff, only to ask people to lift up and use ropes to pull up the wooden ladder. Knocking on the rocky natural insurance has become a key point for Baihuzhai to modernize. There is no road or electricity, because there is no money.

When the father-in-law's two migrant sons returned to the village, the old man sighed: "Your two brothers don't go out to work.

My sister-in-law's father was very ill and could not bear to call and spend money because there was no phone in the village and he had to go to town to call.

Zhaizi's land is deserted, and young men and women are working in cities, leaving the elderly, women and children. Baihuzhai had no electricity. At night, the black lights were blind, and people had nothing to do. Occasionally, it was only alcoholic punching orders and mahjong sounds.

This is the living condition of Baihuzhai people. For many years, the Tujia people have long dreamed of getting rich and getting rich. This dream has been circulated in Baihu Village, and it can be called "White Tiger Dream". In the early years of the village, there were rumors about the Golden Horse. According to Jin Yi's father, the survey team had only made three holes in Baihuzhai in the past, and found the Golden Horse. Yes, one of the Jin people's legs has been on horseback. If the Jin people were on horseback, Baihuzhai would make a big hair. "White tigers return to the mountains and rebuild their homes." Bai Huzhai's father and villagers are looking forward to the return of the "White Tiger." This legend actually contains a dream of Baihuzhai people. One day, Baihuzhai will get rich and become rich, but after many years passed, generations have struggled and worked hard. However, this dream has not been realized yet. On the shoulders of the children of the younger generation in Tujia. The full-length "White Tiger Village" vividly shows the generation of young migrant workers who dare to take responsibility, resolutely return home to change the face of poverty, get rid of poverty and become rich, and create a picture of the era of a new countryside.

    Under the fierce impact of the wave of economic transformation, the younger generation of Tujia children in Baihuzhai finally broke through the gate of the cottage to work in the emerging coastal cities. In the fast-growing and colorful metropolis, they have witnessed the tremendous changes in the city, felt the huge contrast between urban and rural material and cultural life, and a new way of life completely different from mountain villages. They opened their eyes and accepted the new Ideas, new knowledge, learned new skills, returned to their hometown, and desperately wanted to change the status quo of living in the countryside. The hometowns that depended on each other can no longer be closed in the paradise far from the times. They dreamed of building a new countryside. The hometown must be changed and changed.

    The younger generation of Tujia, represented by the sister of Xunzi, went out to work to return to your hometown, and led their hometown fathers and fellows. After several years of hard work, hard work and struggle, the road was connected, the electricity was connected, the water was brought up, and the mountains were erected. The iron tower and the mobile phone were magically connected. Phones, televisions, computers, shower heaters all entered the village, weaving large-scale cash crops for planting, and the konjac processing plant was set up. Li Chuanfeng's "White Tiger Village", with a strong sense of mission, is close to the reality of contemporary rural areas, pays attention to the fate of farmers at the bottom, and writes a legend of migrant workers in the shock of the times. On the stage where the Tujia people realized the "White Tiger Dream", the prelude kicked off, and the horn of horns was blown out.

    The legendary story of the "White Tiger Dream" of the Tujia people first lies in the successful shaping of the living group portraits of modern youth in the novel, and the exquisite design of the characters benefits from the unique concept of the writer's "triangle": that is, the young people in Baihuzhai village headed by the sister-in-law It is the "top corner", the left and right "two corners" are Dr. Gu, who is exploring the history and culture of Tujia, and Xiang Siming, who is spreading modern science and technology civilization.

The novel shapes the group portraits of young farmers, such as Chunmei, such as spring flowers, autumn moons, Jin Dagu, Jin Xiaoyu, buckwheat, etc., and shows the arduous entrepreneurial journey of the contemporary generation of young farmers.

    With enthusiasm and enthusiasm, the writer has shaped the image of a flesh-and-blood, real, lively figure like the sister of Xi. First of all, she has a revolutionary spirit who dares to take charge and aspires to change. Sister Mei is the only daughter and high school student of Qin Jianguo, Baihuzhai's party secretary. Her father, Qin Jianguo, returned home from the army that year, from the village team leader, the village head to the branch secretary, from the youthful life to the old age, decades of diligence, but the appearance of Baihuzhai has not changed much. Change, still cannot take off the hat of poverty. The huge difference between modern cities and impoverished hometowns deeply touched the heart of sister-in-law, she deeply felt the gap between urban and rural areas, and felt the poverty, backwardness and closure of her hometown. A new ideal is gradually emerging in my heart: that is the "white tiger" dream of setting ambitious goals, getting rid of poverty and becoming rich, and building a new countryside. Back to her hometown of Baihuzhai, she once had hesitation, contradiction, and hesitation. "My sister-in-law missed some days when I was working. This village cadre worked very hard. Is the village cadre worth it?" After fierce ideological struggle. In the end, she resolutely took over the baton from her parents and assumed the post of village secretary. This is a very precious spirit of courage.

    The novel also emphasizes the unwavering dedication and broad-minded personality of the sister-in-law: sister-in-law working in the city, with high school education and hard-working and simple, good quality, has been promoted to a good position, the salary is not low. But she did not stay in the city. She returned home not only to get rich for her own family, but she thought of Bai Huzhai. A dialogue in the novel is very touching: when her boyfriend Otani proposed that she had to spend money to renovate the old house even if she was selling blood, the sister-in-law answered like this: "I see, you did n’t learn anything from that chicken You must understand that it is not just the old house to be renovated, it is the old village of Baihuzhai. "The two short sentences express her broad and broad mind. Her dream is not the "chicken's nest dream" of the small peasant economic era, but the "white tiger dream" of contemporary new countryside.

Wu Meizi also has the modern consciousness of a new generation of farmers. The modern civilization and modern lifestyle of the emerging city in the reform and opening-up not only broadened her new horizons, but also injected new ideas and thinking of this generation of new farmers. In the difficult journey of getting rid of poverty and getting rich, and building a new countryside, she actively accepted new things, relying on scientific and technological talents, learning scientific and technological knowledge, while introducing the concept of commodity production, adjusting the economic structure in the village, using new concepts, road construction, electricity, Diversion, farming, this modern consciousness has become a driving force for the construction of a new countryside, and it is a powerful spiritual force.

    A very rare novel is that the writer has carefully shaped the image of two other modern young intellectuals: Dr. Gu and Xiang Siming. 两底角 人物设计既源于现实,又是艺术的需要。 This "triangular" character design of the " two bottom corners " originates from both reality and art. The "triangular" character building is an important part of the artistic charm of the novel.

Dr. Gu, the four-eyed doctor referred to by the Tujia people, appeared in the novel as a visit to the ancient roots. He is the descendant of the Southwest Tusi King. His ancestors participated in the anti- 倭 struggle on the southeast coast of the year. One of the topics was to study the history of the Tusi in the southeast. He went to Baihuzhai to find the roots and visit the ancients to find out the history, cultural sites and customs of the Tujia in this ancient village. In the novel, he developed a long and brilliant cultural picture of Tujia.

   Xiang Siming, who studied agriculture, came to Baihu Village as the deputy head of agriculture support. He promoted and taught new ideas and concepts to villagers in the village, taught and disseminated scientific and technological knowledge, and gained experience in getting rich through science and technology, and introduced the concept of commodity production. Under his leadership, Baihuzhai planted and developed konjac on a large scale, established a konjac refined flour processing plant, and launched a challenge to the powerful tobacco planting industry. Konjac development was later listed as a key development project of provincial agricultural industrialization. Due to vigorous development of economic crops, Baihuzhai has become a science and technology demonstration village.

   These two characters, as the incarnation of "traditional culture" and "modern technology", have deep meaning in the novel. The former has the ancestry of the Tusi king, and the latter is the descendant of the old Red Army. The two characters have intriguing and meaningful meanings.

    

                  Contains a rich national cultural spirit

   The title of "White Tiger Village" does not stop at writing legends about migrant workers returning to their hometowns to start business and change their appearance. It contains rich and profound cultural connotations. [1] 作家将土家族的历史文化、革命红色文化与民间民俗文化交融一体、渗透于小说的情节脉络中,为作品构筑出丰富多姿,色泽奇异的文化世界。 "The spiritual lifeline of the Chinese nation in the history of traditional Chinese culture is an important source of the core values of socialism ." [1] The writer blends the history and culture of the Tujia people, the revolutionary red culture, and the folk and folk culture into the context of the plot of the novel. To build a rich and colorful cultural world for the works.

    [2] 白虎寨以土家人当代生活为题材,却隐含着鄂西土家人的历史书写,民族志的书写,鄂西土家的民族史使作品具有厚重的历史感。 History and Culture of Tujia: "Without national characteristics, there will be no national culture " [2] Bai Huzhai takes the Tujia people's contemporary life as the theme, but it implies the historical writing, ethnography, and history of Tujia people in the western Hubei. The work has a strong sense of history. Read the whole article, the national history of Tujia in western Hubei contains the whole book. Three hundred years ago, the Ba people lost to the Chu Kingdom, survived in western Hubei, and became the ancestors of the Tujia. The descendants have since proliferated in the western Hubei area. This is the Tujia today.

And the legend of the White Tiger is even more touching: Chuba battles, defeated Pakistani soldiers, climbing mountains and wading in the Wuling Mountains, a group of tigers have not abandoned their company, the current canyon blocked the road, the leading white tiger leaped, Fly to the cliff. Due to the long journey, I finally fell down the cliff because of my physical strength. In the end, only a pair of white tigers did not fly anymore, and along the valley bottom under the mountain, we boarded the high cliff opposite. The group of defeated soldiers behind Baihu was the first to come to Baihu Village. Bai Hu is the life-saving benefactor of the Tujia people.

……文化基本核心有二部分构成,一是传统(即从历史上得到的选择)思想,一是与他们有关的价值 [3] 土家人的民族志是其历史传统,民间传说体现了土家人的信仰。 "Culture constitutes the unique achievements of the human group, ... the basic core of culture has two parts, one is the traditional (that is, the choice obtained from history) ideas, and the other is the value associated with them . " [3] Tujia people Ethnography is its historical tradition, and folklore reflects the beliefs of the Tujia people. This historical and cultural tradition contains a kind of indomitable, tenacious and tenacious spiritual character. It is the yearning and worship of lofty and savior. This cultural tradition and spirit permeates the blood of the Tujia people and the younger generation of Tujia people.

If the legend belongs to the hidden culture, then the existing Tuwang cave sites, short monuments, Tibetan book caves, and reading stands in the Baihu Village described in the novel belong to the explicit culture. It remains in the solid area of Baihuzhai in a solidified form.

The "White Tiger" has become a cultural symbol integrating Tujia history, religion, belief and ideals. "Bai Hu was sitting in the hall, and it was the house god". The White Tiger is rich in connotations and is the totem of the Tujia people. The White Tiger is the most sacred and beautiful symbol of the Tujia people, the spiritual pillar of the Tujia people's maintenance of the social collective, and the symbol of the national soul. The name of Baihu Village is obviously derived from Baihu worship, Baihu belief, and white tiger totem.

     Red Revolution Culture: "White Tiger Village" in the novel, and at the same time during the war, the Red Army's old Soviet Revolutionary Base, there are the ruins of the Soviet Area Hospital. The Red Army established the rear hospital in the western Hubei and Hubei provinces in Baihu Village. Graveyard, cemetery. The gravekeeper who is now over ninety years old is the old Red Army. He hid in the Zhaizishan during the Cultural Revolution and keeps the grave to this day. He is a witness of the red tradition. At that time, the site of the Soviet Area Hospital was in two caves. At that time, there were more than a hundred wounded and sick. On the wall of the cave, the slogan "Dash locals, divide fields, eat enough, and live in tile houses" written by dipping blood can be seen faintly. These words were written to Mrs. Siming.

    "White Tiger Village" has a glorious revolutionary tradition. In the war years, most of the men in the village followed the Red Army, leaving the orphans and widows in the village. The eighth chapter of the novel "Guzhai New Home" wrote :

    The men in Quanzhaizi were on the line of fire. Without guns, they lifted stones, pushed wood, beat gongs and drums, and shouted cheers. The Red Army Hospital is located in Houshan, only a few mountain packs away from the fire, gunfire is just in front of it, and stray bullets are passing over the head, the responsibility of transferring wounded people to the hospital falls on the women.

, 那里的老百姓为革命流过血,做出了巨大的牺牲与贡献,而如今,多少年过去了,他们依旧生活在穷困之中、贫困线下。 The writing about the red history of Baihuzhai, the Red Army ruins, and the Soviet Revolutionary Bases in the novel gave us profound inspiration. Most of the revolutionary bases of that year were located in remote areas , where ordinary people shed blood for the revolution and made huge sacrifices. Contribution, and now, how many years have passed, they still live in poverty, below the poverty line. Bai Huzhai's red revolutionary traditional cultural writing not only deepened the theme of the novel,

In addition, they should encourage the children of Tujia to inherit the spirit of revolution, dare to bear the burden of reform and reform, renovate and build a new countryside.

    家庭手工织锦 西兰卡普等。 Folk and folk culture: The novel also vividly reproduces the folk culture and customs of western Hubei, including celebrations, funerals, food, clothing, folk music, music, folk songs, flower drum tunes, cypress gongs and drums, Tujia family brocade Xilankapu Wait. The vivid description in the novel makes people feel like they are there. This kind of non-material cultural heritage was formed during the long-term coexistence and integration of the Tu and Han nationalities.

    For example, the Tujia Girls' Association in Western Hubei written in the novel is known as Oriental Valentine's Day. On July 12th, young men and women dress up in the streets to catch up, rush to the market, and rise up the daughter society, which is passed down from ancient times. There are various tea exhibitions at the daughter's meeting, and there are lion lanterns. The more characteristic is the waving dance of the Tujia people, which is called "Soba Day." This Tujia waving hand is a folk custom peculiar to the Tujia people. It may have begun as early as the era of fishing and hunting and continues to this day. The ancient book records: Every year the first month, the local people gather together, wear five flower duvets, wrap Jinpa head, beat the drums and chant, dance and sing. When dancing, men and women go together and move forward and backward, often through the night, tirelessly.

    The novel also shows the scene where modern young people use the traditional five-song folk songs in western Hubei to sing. With the development of the times, the traditional daughter society has evolved into a large-scale trade fair in recent years. Various folk art activities such as juggling, shadow play, full house music, and puppet show have been wonderfully displayed in the novel.

    Another example is the chapter "Life Sacrifice and Live Mourning", which vividly shows the Tujia custom of "jumping live and mourning" for living people (Uncle Ping) first. In this "jumping funeral", the county opera troupe was invited to cheer. In the "melodious and deep ancient singing, a group of jumpers couldn't wait to enter the field, made various shapes, jumped the tiger down, and jumped into the water, The jumping cow scratched, and the mule turned, and they played all kinds of tricks. "Who knew that the master, Uncle Fair, joined the jumping funeral team, and was extremely sad, and fell to the ground. The funeral became a death. At the moment of life and death, the Tujia people desperately stepped on the ground with their feet. The villagers released not sorrow but joy. Some people sang "Blessed are dead and have a good coffin," and some sang, "Do n’t plant a thousand tusks, but die without a grain of grain." The British name stays behind. " A live funeral turned into a funeral, expressing the Tujia people's simple and happy outlook on life and death.

   Other folk customs such as dojo, Bao Zhizi, etc. all have very vivid descriptions.

                       Third, strong regional characteristics of western Hubei

The "West" of literary geography seems to be closely related to legend, customs, and exotics. There are famous classics of travel to the west in modern times, and Shen Congwen, who is in love with western Hunan in modern times. Zhang Xianliang, Chen Zhongshi, Jia Pingwa, Lu Yao, etc. are famous in the west, and there are so-called western movies in the United States. In Hubei, I wrote the representative works of western Hubei. In the 1950s and 1960s, there were Nie Hualing's "The Lost Golden Bell" and Wang Yingxian's "Maple Oak." It is an excellent work I have read so far.

First, the rich style landscape painting of Tujia cottage in western Hubei

Li Chuanfeng is a Tujia. He used to be a farmer and a grass-roots cadre in the mountainous village of western Hubei. He is familiar with the land born and raised in Sri Lanka, and is full of sincere emotions. 长篇小说《最后一只白虎》、散文集《鹤之峰》、《梦回清江》等作品中都有对鄂西山区出色的风景风俗画的描写。 His novels "The Last White Tiger", prose collection "Crane of the Crane", "Dream Back to Qingjiang" and other works all describe the outstanding scenery and custom paintings in the western Hubei Province.

"White Tiger Village" is the same, and see two examples:

If the mountain is the sea, Baihuzhai is a bit like a giant ship traveling on a million hectares of blue waves. The archway of "Xiong Town Wuling" stands on the bow of the ship, knocking on the cliff is the Zhaimen, and the village is the deck. Ascending the back of the mountain, as if standing on a chimney, the whole village has a panoramic view, and the sister-in-law gave four eyes pointers and introduced the "Four Desires" of Baihu Village and the surrounding neighbors.

……这悬崖怎么上得去呢? Xiang Siming was surrounded by the crowd, and Tengyun drove the fog to knock on the cliff. How could this cliff get up? 向思明眼前的是一处高耸的石牌坊,透过牌坊可见青山白水,一条小溪从村中流过,几只吊脚楼在竹林间若隐若现,零星孤烟,稀疏人影,偶有鸡鸣狗汪。 Steep and precipitous cliffs, winding rocky shell roads, endless mountain peaks ... Shown in front of Xiang Siming is a towering stone archway. Through the archway, you can see the white water of the Qingshan Mountains, and a stream flows through the village. A few hanging feet were looming among the bamboo forests, sporadic, sparsely smoked, and sparsely populated, with occasional roaring dogs. There is a good place in the mountains.

    This is to observe the mountain view of Baihu Village from the eyes of the novel characters. Such geographical scenery and the aforementioned Tujia folk customs are interwoven in the novel into a colorful and unique western Hubei style.

    Secondly, the characteristics of the western Hubei language with strong rural flavor,

Opening the "White Tiger Village", the rich earth and rusticity rushed towards the face, as if walking into the fields and riversides of the western Hubei cottage, hanging downstairs and inside the fence wall, I heard the authentic Tujia village sound, read it kindly, Natural and grounded. A large number of novels are interspersed with Xiehouyu, agricultural proverbs, folk songs, small songs, couplets, and Tujia and Chinese dialects, forming a local context with a strong atmosphere and regional characteristics.

    Example 1: Farming Proverbs

     The father-in-law sweated, and one liter of buckwheat hit a load.

    The land father puts an umbrella, and a liter of buckwheat collects a bowl.

    The first eight days are closed without rain and the second eight days are dry.

    One tasted three claps, and ten miles smelled incense and turned nine.

    Example 2: Dialects and rest words

     Now, when I heard the words of a pair of sons Papiba meat, I was scolding in my mouth, but my heart was very comforting.

    When people come to the next life, it is always worth stepping on a few feet.

      I'll buy it and feed it (pointing to the chicken), and wait for you to confine, so I'll send the rice.

      Only knowing that stupid eating and sleeping stupidly can only help.

      qu )麻黑的。 As soon as the sun goes down, 黢 ( qu ) becomes numb.

      This world is really a Japanese ghost.

      Who is mourning outside.

    People in the city are too cruel.

    —— 想(响)不得。 This is really a firecracker in your mouth - I can't think of it.

    When they (referring to scientific and technological talents) came, the toads of Mantian cried, and the poor villages and rich villages scrambled for it.

As a long story about the Tujia rural life in the mountains, language is a very important element. Without long-term life accumulation and personal life experience, it is difficult to control such a long story.

The farming proverb in Example 1 is a summary of the long-term production and living experience in rural western Hubei. In the form of seven words and four sentences, the rhymes are similar to the style of folk songs And it is easy to understand, tangible, concrete, vivid and catchy. Many proverbs in Tujia area are the same as in Wuling Mountain, but the peasant proverbs in the novel have strong regional characteristics of western Hubei.

The dialect and Xiehou dialect in Example 2 are mainly the language of characters. Such languages are expressed in a dialect with regional characteristics and have a vivid earthy atmosphere. They are the products of historical accumulation passed down from generations to generations. For example, "I heard the words of a pair of sons of Papiba", "It is worthwhile to step on a few foot sockets in the next life", "I only know how to sleep stupidly, and I only work hard". Character language is more than ordinary written language. For example, "Bapiba meat" is better than "intimate filial piety", "stepping on a few foot sockets" is better than "leaving footprints", and "produce strength" is better than "dry energy" "Rough work" and so on, it is particularly vivid, vivid, and energetic. It has both regional and local flavor.



[1] 15日文艺工作座谈会上的讲话》,《文艺报》, 20141017日。 Xi Jinping: "Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Artistic Work on October 15 ", "Literature News", October 17 , 2014.

[2] 15日文艺工作座谈会上的讲话》,《文艺报》, 20141017日。 Xi Jinping: "Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Artistic Work on October 15 ", "Literature News", October 17 , 2014.

[3] ] 卡鲁柯亨:《文化概念》,《多维视野中的文化理论》,杭州:浙江人民出版社, 1987年。 [ United States ] Karuk Keheng: "Cultural Concept", "Cultural Theory in a Multidimensional Perspective", Hangzhou: Zhejiang People's Publishing House, 1987 .

                                      

Address: Hubei Writers Association, No. 1 Cuiliu Street, Donghu Road, Wuchang District, Wuhan City, Hubei Province Tel: 027-68880616 027-68880679
Copyright @ Hubei Writer's Network. All Rights Reserved. E ICP No. 09015726 hiwui.cn
Technical Support: Hubei Daily

"White Tiger Village": White Tiger Dreams of Tujia Children

2016-08-05 00-00-00

In today's literary world where works such as white-collar beauties, fantasy fantasy, drama history, and urban romance are full of attention, there are relatively few works focusing on the people at the bottom, and the novels with the theme of migrant workers are even more scarce. I wrote a legendary story of a Tujia peasant worker who moved between urban and rural areas and returned to the mountainous countryside to change the conservative and closed economic situation in the countryside. The powerful positive energy makes the blood flow, and it can't be calm for a long time.

                      1. The "White Tiger Dream" of the Tujia People

   

    年。 The novel begins with Dr. Gu's mouth, telling the reality of Baihu Village in the mountain village: "Behind the beautiful tree-lined countryside, there are amazing poverty and backwardness." This time has been fixed for nearly 30 years in reform and opening up. Of the year 2008 . Located in Baihu Village, where Tujia people live in the mountainous area of western Hubei, the mountains and rivers are beautiful, and the economy is backward. Due to its remote location, difficult terrain, and traffic barriers, it has been in poverty for a long time. Knocking on a cliff road in Xiuyan to isolate Baihuzhai from the outside world, the motorcycle rides under the cliff, only to ask people to lift up and use ropes to pull up the wooden ladder. Knocking on the rocky natural insurance has become a key point for Baihuzhai to modernize. There is no road or electricity, because there is no money.

When the father-in-law's two migrant sons returned to the village, the old man sighed: "Your two brothers don't go out to work.

My sister-in-law's father was very ill and could not bear to call and spend money because there was no phone in the village and he had to go to town to call.

Zhaizi's land is deserted, and young men and women are working in cities, leaving the elderly, women and children. Baihuzhai had no electricity. At night, the black lights were blind, and people had nothing to do. Occasionally, it was only alcoholic punching orders and mahjong sounds.

This is the living condition of Baihuzhai people. For many years, the Tujia people have long dreamed of getting rich and getting rich. This dream has been circulated in Baihu Village, and it can be called "White Tiger Dream". In the early years of the village, there were rumors about the Golden Horse. According to Jin Yi's father, the survey team had only made three holes in Baihuzhai in the past, and found the Golden Horse. The Golden Horse was the gold change of the Tusi field. Yes, one of the Jin people's legs has been on horseback. If the Jin people were on horseback, Baihuzhai would make a big hair. "White tigers return to the mountains and rebuild their homes." Bai Huzhai's father and villagers are looking forward to the return of the "White Tiger." This legend actually contains a dream of Baihuzhai people. One day, Baihuzhai will get rich and become rich, but after many years passed, generations have struggled and worked hard. However, this dream has not been realized yet. On the shoulders of the children of the younger generation in Tujia. The full-length "White Tiger Village" vividly shows the generation of young migrant workers who dare to take responsibility, resolutely return home to change the face of poverty, get rid of poverty and become rich, and create a picture of the era of a new countryside.

    Under the fierce impact of the wave of economic transformation, the younger generation of Tujia children in Baihuzhai finally broke through the gate of the cottage to work in the emerging coastal cities. In the fast-growing and colorful metropolis, they have witnessed the tremendous changes in the city, felt the huge contrast between urban and rural material and cultural life, and a new way of life completely different from mountain villages. They opened their eyes and accepted the new Ideas, new knowledge, learned new skills, returned to their hometown, and desperately wanted to change the status quo of living in the countryside. The hometowns that depended on each other can no longer be closed in the paradise far from the times. They dreamed of building a new countryside. The hometown must be changed and changed.

    The younger generation of Tujia, represented by the sister of Xunzi, went out to work to return to your hometown, and led their hometown fathers and fellows. After several years of hard work, hard work and struggle, the road was connected, the electricity was connected, the water was brought up, and the mountains were erected. The iron tower and the mobile phone were magically connected. Phones, televisions, computers, shower heaters all entered the village, weaving large-scale cash crops for planting, and the konjac processing plant was set up. Li Chuanfeng's "White Tiger Village", with a strong sense of mission, is close to the reality of contemporary rural areas, pays attention to the fate of farmers at the bottom, and writes a legend of migrant workers in the shock of the times. On the stage where the Tujia people realized the "White Tiger Dream", the prelude kicked off, and the horn of horns was blown out.

    The legendary story of the "White Tiger Dream" of the Tujia people first lies in the successful shaping of the lively group portraits of modern youth in the novel. It is the "top corner", the left and right "two corners" are Dr. Gu, who is exploring the history and culture of Tujia, and Xiang Siming, who is spreading modern science and technology civilization.

The novel shapes the group portraits of young farmers, such as Chunmei, such as spring flowers, autumn moons, Jin Dagu, Jin Xiaoyu, buckwheat, etc., and shows the arduous entrepreneurial journey of the contemporary generation of young farmers.

    With enthusiasm and enthusiasm, the writer has shaped the image of a flesh-and-blood, real, lively figure like the sister of Xi. First of all, she has a revolutionary spirit who dares to take charge and aspires to change. Sister Mei is the only daughter and high school student of Qin Jianguo, Baihuzhai's party secretary. Her father, Qin Jianguo, returned home from the army that year, from the village team leader, the village head to the branch secretary, from the youthful life to the old age, decades of diligence, but the appearance of Baihuzhai has not changed much. Change, still cannot take off the hat of poverty. The huge difference between modern cities and impoverished hometowns deeply touched the heart of sister-in-law, she deeply felt the gap between urban and rural areas, and felt the poverty, backwardness and closure of her hometown. A new ideal is gradually emerging in my heart: that is the "white tiger" dream of setting ambitious goals, getting rid of poverty and becoming rich, and building a new countryside. Back to her hometown of Baihuzhai, she once had hesitation, contradiction, and hesitation. "My sister-in-law missed some days when I was working. This village cadre worked very hard. Is the village cadre worth it?" In the end, she resolutely took over the baton from her parents and assumed the post of village secretary. This is a very precious spirit of courage.

    The novel also emphasizes the unwavering dedication and broad-minded personality of the sister-in-law: sister-in-law working in the city, with high school education and hard-working and simple, good quality, has been promoted to a good position, the salary is not low. But she did not stay in the city. She returned home not only to get rich for her own family, but she thought of Bai Huzhai. A dialogue in the novel is very touching: when her boyfriend Otani proposed that she had to spend money to renovate the old house even if she was selling blood, the sister-in-law answered like this: "I see, you did n’t learn anything from that chicken You must understand that it is not just the old house to be renovated, it is the old village of Baihuzhai. "The two short sentences express her broad and broad mind. Her dream is not the "chicken's nest dream" of the small peasant economic era, but the "white tiger dream" of contemporary new countryside.

Wu Meizi also has the modern consciousness of a new generation of farmers. The modern civilization and modern lifestyle of the emerging city in the reform and opening-up not only broadened her new horizons, but also injected new ideas and thinking of this generation of new farmers. In the difficult journey of getting rid of poverty and getting rich, and building a new countryside, she actively accepted new things, relying on scientific and technological talents, learning scientific and technological knowledge, while introducing the concept of commodity production, adjusting the economic structure in the village, using new concepts, road construction, electricity, Diversion, farming, this modern consciousness has become a driving force for the construction of a new countryside, and it is a powerful spiritual force.

    A very rare novel is that the writer has carefully shaped the image of two other modern young intellectuals: Dr. Gu and Xiang Siming. 两底角 人物设计既源于现实,又是艺术的需要。 This "triangular" character design of the " two bottom corners " originates from both reality and art. The "triangular" character building is an important part of the artistic charm of the novel.

Dr. Gu, the four-eyed doctor referred to by the Tujia people, appeared in the novel as a visit to the ancient roots. He is the descendant of the Southwest Tusi King. His ancestors participated in the anti- 倭 struggle on the southeast coast of the year. One of the topics was to study the history of the Tusi in the southeast. He went to Baihuzhai to find the roots and visit the ancients to find out the history, cultural sites and customs of the Tujia in this ancient village. In the novel, he developed a long and brilliant cultural picture of Tujia.

   Xiang Siming, who studied agriculture, came to Baihu Village as the deputy head of agriculture support. He promoted and taught new ideas and concepts to villagers in the village, taught and disseminated scientific and technological knowledge, and gained experience in getting rich through science and technology, and introduced the concept of commodity production. Under his leadership, Baihuzhai planted and developed konjac on a large scale, established a konjac refined flour processing plant, and launched a challenge to the powerful tobacco planting industry. Konjac development was later listed as a key development project of provincial agricultural industrialization. Due to vigorous development of economic crops, Baihuzhai has become a science and technology demonstration village.

   These two characters, as the incarnation of "traditional culture" and "modern technology", have deep meaning in the novel. The former has the ancestry of the Tusi king, and the latter is the descendant of the old Red Army. The two characters have intriguing and meaningful meanings.

    

                  Contains a rich national cultural spirit

   The title of "White Tiger Village" does not stop at writing legends about migrant workers returning to their hometowns to start business and change their appearance. It contains rich and profound cultural connotations. [1] 作家将土家族的历史文化、革命红色文化与民间民俗文化交融一体、渗透于小说的情节脉络中,为作品构筑出丰富多姿,色泽奇异的文化世界。 "The spiritual lifeline of the Chinese nation in the history of traditional Chinese culture is an important source of the core values of socialism ." [1] The writer blends the history and culture of the Tujia people, the revolutionary red culture, and the folk and folk culture into the context of the plot of the novel. To build a rich and colorful cultural world for the works.

    [2] 白虎寨以土家人当代生活为题材,却隐含着鄂西土家人的历史书写,民族志的书写,鄂西土家的民族史使作品具有厚重的历史感。 History and Culture of Tujia: "Without national characteristics, there will be no national culture " [2] Bai Huzhai takes the Tujia people's contemporary life as the theme, but it implies the historical writing, ethnography, and history of Tujia people in the western Hubei. The work has a strong sense of history. Read the whole article, the national history of Tujia in western Hubei contains the whole book. Three hundred years ago, the Ba people lost to the Chu Kingdom, survived in western Hubei, and became the ancestors of the Tujia. The descendants have since proliferated in the western Hubei area. This is the Tujia today.

And the legend of the White Tiger is even more touching: Chuba battles, defeated Pakistani soldiers, climbing mountains and wading in the Wuling Mountains, a group of tigers have not abandoned their company, the current canyon blocked the road, the leading white tiger leaped, Fly to the cliff. Due to the long journey, I finally fell down the cliff because of my physical strength. In the end, only a pair of white tigers did not fly anymore, and along the valley bottom under the mountain, we boarded the high cliff opposite. The group of defeated soldiers behind Baihu was the first to come to Baihu Village. Bai Hu is the life-saving benefactor of the Tujia people.

……文化基本核心有二部分构成,一是传统(即从历史上得到的选择)思想,一是与他们有关的价值 [3] 土家人的民族志是其历史传统,民间传说体现了土家人的信仰。 "Culture constitutes the unique achievements of the human group, ... the basic core of culture has two parts, one is the traditional (that is, the choice obtained from history) ideas, and the other is the value associated with them . " [3] Tujia people Ethnography is its historical tradition, and folklore reflects the beliefs of the Tujia people. This historical and cultural tradition contains a kind of indomitable, tenacious and tenacious spiritual character. It is the yearning and worship of lofty and savior. This cultural tradition and spirit permeates the blood of the Tujia people and the younger generation of Tujia people.

If the legend belongs to the hidden culture, then the existing Tuwang cave sites, short monuments, Tibetan book caves, and reading stands in the Baihu Village described in the novel belong to the explicit culture. It remains in the solid area of Baihuzhai in a solidified form.

The "White Tiger" has become a cultural symbol integrating Tujia history, religion, belief and ideals. "Bai Hu was sitting in the hall, and it was the house god". The White Tiger is rich in connotations and is the totem of the Tujia people. The White Tiger is the most sacred and beautiful symbol of the Tujia people, the spiritual pillar of the Tujia people's maintenance of the social collective, and the symbol of the national soul. The name of Baihu Village is obviously derived from Baihu worship, Baihu belief, and white tiger totem.

     Red Revolution Culture: "White Tiger Village" in the novel, and at the same time during the war, the Red Army's old Soviet Revolutionary Base, there are the ruins of the Soviet Area Hospital. The Red Army established the rear hospital in the western Hubei and Hubei provinces in Baihu Village. Graveyard, cemetery. The gravekeeper who is now over ninety years old is the old Red Army. He hid in the Zhaizishan during the Cultural Revolution and keeps the grave to this day. He is a witness of the red tradition. At that time, the site of the Soviet Area Hospital was in two caves. At that time, there were more than a hundred wounded and sick. On the wall of the cave, the slogan "Dash locals, divide fields, eat enough, and live in tile houses" written by dipping blood can be seen faintly. These words were written to Mrs. Siming.

    "White Tiger Village" has a glorious revolutionary tradition. In the war years, most of the men in the village followed the Red Army, leaving the orphans and widows in the village. The eighth chapter of the novel "Guzhai New Home" wrote :

    The men in Quanzhaizi were on the line of fire. Without guns, they lifted stones, pushed wood, beat gongs and drums, and shouted cheers. The Red Army Hospital is located in Houshan, only a few mountain packs away from the fire, gunfire is just in front of it, and stray bullets are passing over the head, the responsibility of transferring wounded people to the hospital falls on the women.

, 那里的老百姓为革命流过血,做出了巨大的牺牲与贡献,而如今,多少年过去了,他们依旧生活在穷困之中、贫困线下。 The writing about the red history of Baihuzhai, the Red Army ruins, and the Soviet Revolutionary Bases in the novel gave us profound inspiration. Most of the revolutionary bases of that year were located in remote areas , where ordinary people shed blood for the revolution and made huge sacrifices. Contribution, and now, how many years have passed, they still live in poverty, below the poverty line. Bai Huzhai's red revolutionary traditional cultural writing not only deepened the theme of the novel,

In addition, they should encourage the children of Tujia to inherit the spirit of revolution, dare to bear the burden of reform and reform, renovate and build a new countryside.

    家庭手工织锦 西兰卡普等。 Folk and folk culture: The novel also vividly reproduces the folk culture and customs of western Hubei, including celebrations, funerals, food, clothing, folk music, music, folk songs, flower drum tunes, cypress gongs and drums, Tujia family brocade Xilankapu Wait. The vivid description in the novel makes people feel like they are there. This kind of non-material cultural heritage was formed during the long-term coexistence and integration of the Tu and Han nationalities.

    For example, the Tujia Girls' Association in Western Hubei written in the novel is known as Oriental Valentine's Day. On July 12th, young men and women dress up in the streets to catch up, rush to the market, and rise up the daughter society, which is passed down from ancient times. There are various tea exhibitions at the daughter's meeting, and there are lion lanterns. The more characteristic is the waving dance of the Tujia people, which is called "Soba Day." This Tujia waving hand is a folk custom peculiar to the Tujia people. It may have begun as early as the era of fishing and hunting and continues to this day. The ancient book records: Every year the first month, the local people gather together, wear five flower duvets, wrap Jinpa head, beat the drums and chant, dance and sing. When dancing, men and women go together and move forward and backward, often through the night, tirelessly.

    The novel also shows the scene where modern young people use the traditional five-song folk songs in western Hubei to sing. With the development of the times, the traditional daughter society has evolved into a large-scale trade fair in recent years. Various folk art activities such as juggling, shadow play, full house music, and puppet show have been wonderfully displayed in the novel.

    Another example is the chapter "Life Sacrifice and Live Mourning", which vividly shows the Tujia custom of "jumping live and mourning" for living people (Uncle Ping) first. In this "jumping funeral", the county opera troupe was invited to cheer. In the "melodious and deep ancient singing, a group of jumpers couldn't wait to enter the field, made various shapes, jumped the tiger down, and jumped into the water, The jumping cow scratched, and the mule turned, and they played all kinds of tricks. "Who knew that the master, Uncle Fair, joined the jumping funeral team, and was extremely sad, and fell to the ground. The funeral became a death. At the moment of life and death, the Tujia people desperately stepped on the ground with their feet. The villagers released not sorrow but joy. Some people sang "Blessed are dead and have a good coffin," and some sang, "Do n’t plant a thousand tusks, but die without a grain of grain." The British name stays behind. " A live funeral turned into a funeral, expressing the Tujia people's simple and happy outlook on life and death.

   Other folk customs such as dojo, Bao Zhizi, etc. all have very vivid descriptions.

                       Third, strong regional characteristics of western Hubei

The "West" of literary geography seems to be closely related to legend, customs, and exotics. There are famous classics of travel to the west in modern times, and Shen Congwen, who is in love with western Hunan in modern times. Zhang Xianliang, Chen Zhongshi, Jia Pingwa, Lu Yao, etc. are famous in the west, and there are so-called western movies in the United States. In Hubei, I wrote the representative works of western Hubei. In the 1950s and 1960s, there were Nie Hualing's "The Lost Golden Bell" and Wang Yingxian's "Maple Oak." It is an excellent work I have read so far.

First, the rich style landscape painting of Tujia cottage in western Hubei

Li Chuanfeng is a Tujia. He used to be a farmer and a grass-roots cadre in the mountainous village of western Hubei. He is familiar with the land born and raised in Sri Lanka, and is full of sincere emotions. 长篇小说《最后一只白虎》、散文集《鹤之峰》、《梦回清江》等作品中都有对鄂西山区出色的风景风俗画的描写。 His novels "The Last White Tiger", prose collection "Crane of the Crane", "Dream Back to Qingjiang" and other works all describe the outstanding scenery and custom paintings in the western Hubei Province.

"White Tiger Village" is the same, and see two examples:

If the mountain is the sea, Baihuzhai is a bit like a giant ship traveling on a million hectares of blue waves. The archway of "Xiong Town Wuling" stands on the bow of the ship, knocking on the cliff is the Zhaimen, and the village is the deck. Ascending the back of the mountain, as if standing on a chimney, the whole village has a panoramic view, and the sister-in-law gave four eyes pointers and introduced the "Four Desires" of Baihu Village and the surrounding neighbors.

……这悬崖怎么上得去呢? Xiang Siming was surrounded by the crowd, and Tengyun drove the fog to knock on the cliff. How could this cliff get up? 向思明眼前的是一处高耸的石牌坊,透过牌坊可见青山白水,一条小溪从村中流过,几只吊脚楼在竹林间若隐若现,零星孤烟,稀疏人影,偶有鸡鸣狗汪。 Steep and precipitous cliffs, winding rocky shell roads, endless mountain peaks ... Shown in front of Xiang Siming is a towering stone archway. Through the archway, you can see the white water of the Qingshan Mountains, and a stream flows through the village. A few hanging feet were looming among the bamboo forests, sporadic, sparsely smoked, and sparsely populated, with occasional roaring dogs. There is a good place in the mountains.

    This is to observe the mountain view of Baihu Village from the eyes of the novel characters. Such geographical scenery and the aforementioned Tujia folk customs are interwoven in the novel into a colorful and unique western Hubei style.

    Secondly, the characteristics of the western Hubei language with strong rural flavor,

Opening the "White Tiger Village", the rich earth and rusticity rushed towards the face, as if walking into the fields and riversides of the western Hubei cottage, hanging downstairs and inside the fence wall, I heard the authentic Tujia village sound, read it kindly, Natural and grounded. A large number of novels are interspersed with Xiehouyu, agricultural proverbs, folk songs, small songs, couplets, and Tujia and Chinese dialects, forming a local context with a strong atmosphere and regional characteristics.

    Example 1: Farming Proverbs

     The father-in-law sweated, and one liter of buckwheat hit a load.

    The land father puts an umbrella, and a liter of buckwheat collects a bowl.

    The first eight days are closed without rain and the second eight days are dry.

    One tasted three claps, and ten miles smelled incense and turned nine.

    Example 2: Dialects and rest words

     Now, when I heard the words of a pair of sons Papiba meat, I was scolding in my mouth, but my heart was very comforting.

    When people come to the next life, it is always worth stepping on a few feet.

      I'll buy it and feed it (pointing to the chicken), and wait for you to confine, so I'll send the rice.

      Only knowing that stupid eating and sleeping stupidly can only help.

      qu )麻黑的。 As soon as the sun goes down, 黢 ( qu ) becomes numb.

      This world is really a Japanese ghost.

      Who is mourning outside.

    People in the city are too cruel.

    —— 想(响)不得。 This is really a firecracker in your mouth - I can't think of it.

    When they (referring to scientific and technological talents) came, the toads of Mantian cried, and the poor villages and rich villages scrambled for it.

As a long story about the Tujia rural life in the mountains, language is a very important element. Without long-term life accumulation and personal life experience, it is difficult to control such a long story.

The farming proverb in Example 1 is a summary of the long-term production and living experience in rural western Hubei. In the form of seven words and four sentences, the rhymes are similar to the style of folk songs And it is easy to understand, tangible, concrete, vivid and catchy. Many proverbs in Tujia area are the same as in Wuling Mountain, but the peasant proverbs in the novel have strong regional characteristics of western Hubei.

The dialect and Xiehou dialect in Example 2 are mainly the language of characters. Such languages are expressed in a dialect with regional characteristics and have a vivid earthy atmosphere. They are the products of historical accumulation passed down from generations to generations. For example, "I heard the words of a pair of sons of Papiba", "It is worthwhile to step on a few foot sockets in the next life", "I only know how to sleep stupidly, and I only work hard". Character language is more than ordinary written language. For example, "Bapiba meat" is better than "intimate filial piety", "stepping on a few foot sockets" is better than "leaving footprints", and "produce strength" is better than "dry energy" "Rough work" and so on, it is particularly vivid, vivid, and energetic. It has both regional and local flavor.



[1] 15日文艺工作座谈会上的讲话》,《文艺报》, 20141017日。 Xi Jinping: "Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Artistic Work on October 15 ", "Literature News", October 17 , 2014.

[2] 15日文艺工作座谈会上的讲话》,《文艺报》, 20141017日。 Xi Jinping: "Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Artistic Work on October 15 ", "Literature News", October 17 , 2014.

[3] ] 卡鲁柯亨:《文化概念》,《多维视野中的文化理论》,杭州:浙江人民出版社, 1987年。 [ United States ] Karuk Keheng: "Cultural Concept", "Cultural Theory in a Multidimensional Perspective", Hangzhou: Zhejiang People's Publishing House, 1987 .

                                      

Notice announcement dynamic information city and state Wenxun work research book review preface and post new book stand special column Hubei writing association
Copynight @ 湖北 电影 网 All Right Reserved
Technical Support: Hubei Daily