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Telling the People and Life That Have Really Entered the Soul——A Review of Hubei's 2015 Short and Medium Stories

Source: "Yangtze River Series" (Comments edition) Published: 2016-06-13 Author: Li Luping

     The quality of short and medium story creation has always been an important indicator of the strength and standard of a local literary creation. Since the 1990s, the short and medium-length novels of our province have always had a prominent position in the country. The short and medium works represented by "Carrying Tea on Beijing", "Heart is Older than the Body", "Father Is a Soldier", "Qin Fracture", "Why the Jay Crows", etc. set the benchmark for Hubei short and medium story creation . Perhaps we can say that in terms of the impact of the works and the number of works, the short and medium-length creations in Hubei in recent years do not seem to maintain and continue this advantage of Hubei's literature. The causes of this status quo are naturally complex and diverse. There are factors such as the literary creation's own mentality, the status quo of existence, and comprehensive literacy, etc .; and external factors, such as the real life in a deep and broad dimension. The tremendous changes in life, the tension of life, the complexity of social contradictions, the extraordinary complexity of social psychology, the richer means and forms of spiritual and cultural life, the changes in literary production and communication methods, and so on.

2015 年湖北的中短篇创作仍然有诸多亮点,林白的短篇《汉阳的蝴蝶》、晓苏的短篇《三个乞丐》(《天涯》 2015 年第 2 期)、普玄的中篇《酒席上的颜色》、曹军庆的中篇《云端之上》四部来自湖北的中短篇同时进入中国小说学会主办的 2015 年度中国小说排行榜,这无疑是 2015 年湖北小说创作令人欣喜的成就。 In spite of this, Hubei's short and medium creations in 2015 still have many bright spots. Lin Bai's short story "Butterfly in Hanyang", Xiao Su's short story "Three Beggars" ("The End of the World" 2015 No. 2 ), Pu Xuan's middle "Colors on the Banquet", Cao Junqing's middle story "On the Clouds", four short and short stories from Hubei also entered the 2015 Chinese Novel Rankings sponsored by the Chinese Novel Society , which is undoubtedly a delightful achievement of Hubei novel creation in 2015 . 2015 年湖北的中短篇创作中,还有一些未进入排行榜的作品也表现出了鲜明的审美特征和艺术魅力,同样值得关注。 In addition, in the short and medium creations in Hubei in 2015 , there are also some works that have not entered the rankings, which also show clear aesthetic characteristics and artistic charm, which are also worthy of attention. 2015 年第 12 期)在当下典型的社会符号“汽车生活”中,通过车祸、车损背后的悲剧、沉默、诬陷等,揭示出现代性华丽表面下的逃避、怯弱、自私等道德的沦丧,充满对毫无人性光辉的现实的失望、嘲讽与批判;林白的《西北偏北之二三》(《收获》 2015 年第 4 期)呈现出高超的对当下复杂而零乱的生活的整合能力,以诗意的叙述呈现当代人的迷茫、惶恐以及自我确立的努力;晓苏的短篇《三个乞丐》叙述饭馆员工对三个乞丐之间关系的猜测,每一种猜测都远离真相但却是真实发生的另一种真相,折射当下乡村世界的坍塌、无序与晦暗。 Fang Fang's short story "Light Clouds and Light Wind" ("Changjiang Literature and Art" No. 12 of 2015 ) reveals modern times through the tragedy, silence, frame behind car accidents and car damages in the typical social symbol "car life" Erosion, cowardice, selfishness and other moral degradation under the surface of sexual gorgeousness, full of disappointment, ridicule and criticism of the reality of humanity glory; ) Presents a superb ability to integrate the complex and chaotic life of today, presents the confusion, fear and self-establishment of contemporary people in a poetic narrative; Xiao Su ’s short “Three Beggars” describes the restaurant staff ’s Conjectures about relationships, each of which is far from the truth, but is another truth that really happens, reflecting the collapse, disorder and obscurity of the rural world today.

First, the focus of the present and reality

It is the traditional character of Hubei middle and short stories to pay enthusiastic attention to reality and reflect current social life. 年在湖北的中短篇中,深海的《每个人的黄昏》关注老年社会问题,赵丽的《桃花源记》切入美丽乡村建设,马竹的《南水北往》直击事关全局的重大工程,都不同程度呈现了现实主义创作的艺术特色,体现了当下湖北作家把握现实的能力。 In the short and medium story of Hubei in 2015 , Deep Sea's "Everyone's Twilight" pays attention to the social problems of the elderly. Zhao Li's "Peach Blossom Origin" cuts into the construction of beautiful countryside, and Ma Zhu's "South-to-North Water" hits major projects related to the overall situation All present the artistic characteristics of realistic creation to varying degrees, which reflects the current ability of Hubei writers to grasp reality.

2015 10 月增刊)讲述了“钟宛晴”的退休生活以及老父亲与弟弟的境遇。 The deep sea novel "Everyone's Twilight" ("Hunan Literature" October 2015 Supplement) tells about Zhong Wanqing's retirement life and the situation of his old father and younger brother. 58 岁成为自由人。 Zhong Wanqing was re-employed after retiring, and became a freelancer at the age of 58 . She thought she was free, and soon found herself uncomfortable. Former Zhong Wanqing was omnipotent, solving difficulties for relatives and friends, coordinating conflicts between friends and colleagues, taking care of her 90-year-old mother-in-law and her nearly 90-year-old father, typing and chatting on a computer, and so on. Capable person. However, with the discovery of a heart surgery and depression, Zhong Wanqing urgently needs to consider not only the life of a strong man in the past, but how to support the elderly, the life of his father, and the survival of his younger brother. With a delicate and calm narrative, the work shows two different mentalities and mental outlooks before and after Zhong Wanqing's retirement. When Zhong Wanqing realized that she was no longer a fierce and omnipotent strong woman, she did not have strong psychological shock and tumult, and there was no obvious anxiety and anxiety, but she planned her future lightly. It is a distinctive feature of the work to write a woman's "forbearance" and "invisibleness" at a critical turning point in life, which fully demonstrates the writer's extraordinary portrayal and narrative ability.

Zhong Wanqing didn't want to take care of her at home because she didn't want to die at home. Of course, she did not want to live with her daughter, because Chengdu was too far away from her father and brother. But in Wuhan, where she lives, she didn't find a suitable pension apartment. In this kind of struggle and search, the old father and his younger brother are in conflict. My brother in his fifties never worked with peace of mind. Even as a gatekeeper, he couldn't perform his duties properly. He still needed a 90-year-old father to take the place of duty. She had to go back to visit her father and deal with family conflicts. This family visit not only allowed Zhong Wanqing to see the different situations of his father, Uncle Qiu, and other elderly people, but also gave her a new understanding of the relationship between his father and his brother. His father was resentful to his unconvinced son throughout his life, but he was willing to help his son as a janitor and to accommodate his son everywhere, because his father was eager to live with his son's family, even if there was quarrel or dissatisfaction. Uncle Qiu, who was once regarded as his father, did not have this environment. He lived in a nursing home and became a moldy wasteman who could not move. Zhong Wanqing finally understood that no matter how failed and decadent his younger brother was, the elderly father just didn't want to live alone in a nursing home like Uncle Qiu and be at the mercy of an animal. Zhong Wanqing gave up the idea of going to a nursing home. Obviously, "Every Twilight" has deepened our suspicion and vigilance in nursing homes for the elderly suffering of Uncle Qiu who was paralyzed, unable to take care of himself, and even lost his ability to speak, and the caregivers who treated the elderly as pigs. Zhong Wanqing was afraid and alert to the nursing home.

Although not every old man is as helpless and dignified as Uncle Qiu, no matter how good a caregiver is, it is impossible for every old man to be regarded as his own parent, and not every old man who cares at home. Careful attention of children. But Zhong Wanqing finally decided to give up looking for a nursing home. Therefore, it is not so much the home that beats the nursing home, but the family relationship and family atmosphere beat the nursing home. For China, which is entering an elderly society, social pension institutions, mechanisms, and service standards are far from real needs. The particularity of the population structure brought about by the family planning policy of one child per couple makes it more unlikely that family pensions will become a universal model. Whether to stay with their children to care for the elderly or live in a nursing home is undoubtedly the current and future countless elderly people to think and choose. Spatial distance, room and board, hardware conditions, service attitude, etc. are not the most basic indicators for choosing the way of supporting the elderly. As revealed in "Everyone's Twilight", the most humane way of supporting is harmonious and warm. The atmosphere, and more importantly, no matter how glorious you are before aging, after you are aging, you are no different from every old person. Moreover, if you want a dignified and decent old life, you must first admit that you are not a senior official, a rich man or an intellectual, you are an old man, an old father or an old mother. It's dusk for everyone.

Ma Zhu is not one of those high-yielding writers, but he writes extremely carefully and carefully every time. 2015 12 期)通过“奶奶”的失踪和寻找,切进一个跨时代的巨大水利工程。 "Going South to North" ("Hunan Literature" 2015-12 ), through the disappearance and search of "grandma", cut into a huge water project across the ages. In the process of searching for the works, the history and immigration process of the water diversion project were explained and narrated. Through the perspective of immigration, the sufferings of immigrants leaving their homes and leaving their hometowns were described, thus giving the work a grand atmosphere. Of course, from the perspective of the novel, the meaning of the work lies in the constant quarrels between the parents since the relocation, the parents' misunderstanding of Han's junior Han Xingshui, and the final reconciliation between the parents and Han Xingshui. After his father immigrated from Hanjiazhou to Suixian County, his father kept arguing with his mother about trivial matters, complaining about paddy fields, disagreement over land transfers, and finding a way out of a little bit of trouble. These were extremely restless, extremely anxious and irritable The atmosphere finally caused grandma to leave. The root cause is that his father's heart did not follow his family and his soul was still in Hanjiazhou. Obviously, his father did not recognize the turn of the South-to-North Water Transfer to his destiny, and his irritability was a struggle. As the newly elected village director, Han Xingshui did not care about and miss his homeland, but his method was to bring a huge stone from Han Jiazhou with the names of the immigrants. This stone symbolizes homeland. But this stone that gave psychological comfort to immigrants was understood by fathers and mothers as personal gain. Of course, all this was relieved in the process of searching for grandma and in the explanation and talk of Han Xingshui after drinking. Father and mother, as well as Han Yanling, have gained a new understanding of themselves and the complex emotions of others. The impact of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project on hundreds of thousands of immigrants is not a new living environment and production methods. What is more important is the subversion, disintegration, and separation of hundreds of thousands of people. They must rebuild a psychological and cultural world where they can survive. Therefore, it can be said that grandma's departure is precisely because she lost a spiritual world that supports her. The search for grandma is exactly the search for this spiritual world that has not yet been built successfully.

2015 12 期)以摄影家梅芸的视角深入当下的生态现实。 Zhao Li's "Peach Blossoms" ("Yangtze River Series" 2015-12 ) from the perspective of photographer Mei Yun to deepen the current ecological reality. "I" was invited to Maohu County to take scenery photography collections, but found that the scenery as beautiful as peach blossoms was permeated with death, that is, a middle school was built on the site of an abandoned radiation factory. Half of the people in the surrounding villages have died of cancer. This discovery made Mei Yun no longer have the passion to shoot scenery albums, but continued to expose this inside story, but Mei Yun and her husband have had friendship with the county governor Qu Ping for more than 20 years. Mei Yun's ideas not only met with the opposition of her husband Xia Hui, the indifference of the county elder's wife Li Hui, her respected writer Lao Wu, senior journalist Guo Guo, etc. all retreated. When she was most isolated and helpless, the man who admired her and loved her had disappeared inexplicably. Everyone associated with it, either for career or friendship or survival. Mei Yun felt that she was facing the world in a ridiculous way. A person was facing a powerful bomb, a source of radiation pollution that threatened countless students and villagers. In her repeated failures to expose the inside story, those peach-like scenes still obscure the ugly and terrible truth. This is a work on the environment, but at the same time wedges into the intricacies of the county's political ecology. In a world with a small population, a small matter and the ups and downs of an official seem to involve everyone. Therefore, achieving one thing is just as difficult as solving a situation. The corruption and deterioration of the rural environment is no longer news, but there are not many works expressing this theme in the form of novels. Therefore, this is a courageous work, and the work relatively successfully portrays the integrity and helplessness and pain of "I", and sharply criticizes the hypocrisy and weakness of some men represented by Xia Hui. Ask Mei Yun why she ignores the future and friendship of her friends and ignores the hidden dangers and safety of life of countless ordinary people. Numerous people are polluting and destroying the ecology of the whole society on the grounds of noble morality. This may be what the Taohuayuanji tried to express but failed to fully express.

One of the most intuitive manifestations of urbanization is large-scale demolition and construction. 2015 2 期)围绕一条主干道的修建,描述了当下如火如荼的城市化建设过程。 Han Yongming's "Avenue for Development" ("Contemporary", 2015 , Issue 2 ) revolves around the construction of a main road, describing the current urban construction process in full swing. Among them, the lack of construction funds, conflicting demands in financing and demolition and resettlement, handling of accidents caused by forced demolition, illegal construction of houses, petitions, and stability coordination, etc., make speculation, anxiety, impatience, helplessness, and pain in the process of urbanization. , Sacrifice can be reproduced visually and emotionally. In a large number of lively and lively dialogues, the work brings together government cadres, entrepreneurs, banks, ordinary citizens and other classes on one project, a road that makes everyone love and hate, and makes people deeply feel " On the road of development, there has never been only “singing” and laughter, but also sadness, pain and bargaining.

Complex and disorderly dilemmas

In Hubei novel creation, Xie Luoyi always chooses the subject unexpectedly, and the leap forward of story advancement, narrative language and the life of the times are more closely related. 2015 年的新作《旧新堤》和《倒立的条件》充分显示了作家创作的这一艺术特征。 Her 2015 new works "Old and New Bank" and "Inverted Conditions" fully show this artistic feature of writers. 2015 8 期)所写的 Written by "Old and New Embankment" ("Chinese Writer" 2015-8 ) "Shi Cuihua" is a very typical image of contemporary young women. On the way to see the client sign the contract, Shi Cuihua suddenly gave up the contract and returned to the company's anniversary. Similarly, when she was about to marry a fruit merchant, she suddenly changed her mind and ran away from home to meet her boyfriend in college. She determines the color of her hair according to her mood, decides the working method and time according to her opinions, ignores the company regulations and leadership authority, and even resigns when she resigns ... In short, "Shi Cuihua" is full of uncertainty. Shi Cuihua's classmate Mao Mao is a well-planned and thoughtful woman. She works invisibly, gets married, resigns innocently, and runs her own company. The company's business competes with Shi Cuihua. The man Shi Cuihua secretly loves is the core of this company. So, is Shi Cuihua unscrupulous because of her unsightly appearance? Is it because the man in secret has married his classmate and resigned? Is it because your first love boyfriend got married and you have no confidence in the marriage that you are about to face ... I can imagine many questions about Shi Cuihua's "noisy" and uncertainty. But it is difficult to find a satisfactory answer to this. This is a manifestation of the survival dilemma we are experiencing. In the context of globalization, when we look at the living conditions of modern people, we will naturally feel the impact and sweep of the stormy waves of modernization on the existing world. Overnight, it seems that our world no longer has order and stability, and there is no sense of wholeness. This is appalling. Even more regrettable, we have no time to wait for the reconstruction of the disrupted world. We are more likely to be helpless and “tossing” about the social process that this individual cannot do. Of course, you can use another word called “struggle”. 戏拟、反讽,等等,如此,我们可以更加形象和感性地体验这个世界的荒谬,人生的孤独,理性、理想的失败。 But we can also retell and create the corresponding virtual world in a way, such as freedom, games, irrationality , parody, irony, etc. In this way, we can experience this world more vividly and emotionally Absurd, lonely in life, rational, ideal failure. This may be a gesture, the only gesture that countless people like Shi Cuihua can take in disappointment. In fact, behind Shi Cuihua's moody and arrogant boldness, why is there no pain, sadness, and sadness. However, these will not help change the world.

"The Conditions of Handstand" touches on a special subject, prison life. Xiao Yuntong was sentenced to severe punishment for the accidental killing of Vice President Xu for being raped. In prison, she has to deal with the criminal harassment of the criminal Wei Lan and find hope in rigid supervision and supervision. In the hopeless transformation, Xiao Yuntong showed his efforts to reduce his sentence and was cancelled because of the suicide of other criminals. Of course, the strangeness of the novel lies not in the life situation of the women's prison, but in the fact that Xiao Yuntong, who had no relatives to visit, suddenly had a visiting relative, but also a policeman Wu Yang who helped her find a job and was later killed for work. High school classmates who can't remember. After hesitation and suspicion in the beginning, she accepted the visit of a stranger, and she had to convince herself that this stranger was her relatives and hopes, and she had to establish trust or even some kind of fantasy emotion with this person. Such an "abnormal" story related to prison is certainly beyond the experience of most of us. When Xiao Yuntong's numerous complaints have been rejected or ignored, and honesty is to confess sin, the truth of the future is in front of you, do you believe in the surprise or hope brought by a stranger, or do you continue to endure injustice day by day? Silence, wait until the sentence is released? In a place where the rule of law cannot shine, an unbelievable rebirth may be the only way you can believe. Xiao Yuntong is not so concerned with Wu Yang's motivation as she is an outlet for seeking or calling for freedom. In this way, the work does not write a prison story, but a story about the liberation and escape of modern people in distress. After the great success of Enlightenment Reason in our world, we are used to replacing imagination with evidence, truth, and knowledge. Our spiritual world is no longer idealistic, and it has lost the spirit of criticism, reflection, and questioning. "Wu Yang" appeared for the first time at the scene of the visit, and Xiao Yuntong thought it was impossible. The dead cannot be resurrected. This is knowledge and truth. But Xiao Yuntong later convinced himself that the police could pretend to be sacrificed due to work needs, and then changed their status and appeared in life again. Believing that this self-proclaimed "Wu Yang" was here to save herself, and to hold the other's hand across the glass, she was afraid to lose the trust that she had hardly established. This is not the trust she and Wu Yang have, but the trust people have built in their ideals of life and survival. In this way, the pain that penetrates the bone marrow in the living conditions of modern people makes people cry. We exist in this planet and world in the form of life, both helpless and pathetic. The seemingly careless idea of this work has transcendence for the author's current creation.

年《湖南文学》以增刊的方式刊出了武汉第十三届长篇小说笔会作品。 In 2015 , "Hunan Literature" published the works of the 13th Wuhan novel novel pen society by supplement. In addition to the "Everyone's Twilight" mentioned above, Xiao Jing's "Deep Water" and Zhang Huilan's "Divorce" also have notable artistic features. With its elegant language, Through the Crisis Response Process of an Enterprise, "Silent Water Deep Flow" touches on a modern topic, namely the crisis of contemporary public life and its integration. A series of changes took place in the Hongfeng Group, which is engaged in English training and overseas study services. The chairman Cheng Quan was pushed out of the leadership. The vice president Gu Muqing fled with the funds. The vice president Yu Wenhao quietly cooperated with other companies while watching the changes. As a result of the compromise, Fei Tiange, who did not understand business, was pushed to the position of chairman. Before the leadership was stable, the group encountered a lawsuit from the American Examination Service Center. At the same time, the court came to close the accounts and property. Teachers left and students demanded refunds. With such a seemingly indecipherable game of dead chess, with the efforts of the secretary of the board of directors, Lin Ziying, there was a miraculous turn for the better. Lin Ziying asked Zhuang Shicheng to clear up the education authorities, ambassadors and consuls. She came forward to coordinate the media, notified and asked Cheng Quan to return to the company in time to find the "Passion English" training institution and undertake the training of Passion English. At the same time, fees Tiange took the initiative to invite Cheng Quan to serve as chairman. A seemingly irreversible crisis turned the corner. In the narrative of this series of business operations, the novel narrates the emotions of Lin Ziying and the three men in a very modest manner, with Zhuang Shicheng's overwhelming water, and Cheng Quan's complex emotions between siblings and lovers, and Du Zixuan's feelings towards Lin Ziying. One-way love. The crisis of contemporary public life is mainly manifested in the crisis of value and identity between individuals and collectives, units, companies, enterprises, and groups. Cheng Quan's exclusion, Gu Muqing's escape with funds, Yu Wenhao's eating out, teachers leaving, students dropping out, etc. On the surface are conflicts of power and interests. In essence, individuals no longer identify with Hongfeng Group. Therefore, what is needed in contemporary public life is the communication rationality between the subjects, that is, to provide a reasonable and universal norm for complex social integration through the communication and fusion between the subjects to guide the rational development of interpersonal relationships. The essence of this reconstruction is, of course, value identification. If Du Zixuan, who is passionate in English, does not agree with the value of cooperating with Hongfeng Group, even if he loves Lin Ziying again, he will not shoot at the time when Hongfeng Group is teetering. Cheng Quan does not agree with the value of Hongfeng Group, and even if she has the complex emotions of Lin Ziying, she will not necessarily return to the board of directors. Although the work touches on these highly sensitive topics of modernity, it is clear that the author did not consciously explore this irresistible field, but insisted on the traditional pattern, writing the emotions of the company in the complex interpersonal and interest disputes of the company . Undoubtedly, these descriptions of emotions are beautiful, moving and elegant, but the reconstruction and development of an enterprise must exceed the emotions of the parties in order to finally have a stable order and foundation. Although Zhang Huilan's "Divorce" wrote common family marriage themes, there are still valuable discoveries, that is, how a divorced woman got out of her former husband's envelope and fear of the future.

In Hubei's short and medium works in recent years, Pu Xuan is regarded as a prolific writer, and his artistic skills are becoming more mature and sophisticated. 2015 5 期)以一个刚满月的孩子的口吻叙述了一个非婚孩子的成长史。 Pu Xuan's "Colors on the Banquet" ("Fiction Monthly Original Edition" 2015 Issue 5 ) describes the growth history of an unmarried child in the tone of a child who has just full moon. The whole story is concentrated in the process of full moon wine. Since the full moon, Liu Ye has seen the humiliation of his mother, the weakness of Liu's back, and the brutality of his wife. The child Liu Liu gave birth to outside of marriage, because he could not obtain legal recognition and protection, and because his mother was not respected, he constantly wanted to kill his father. This idea continued from the full moon to adulthood, of course he never succeeded. What's more confusing to him is that his mother wants to marry Liu with his back, and will bury him in the future. The novel clearly touches not only the dignity of extramarital children, but also how to treat Liu Beitou's love with "my mother". Of course, similar to Liu Beitou and "my mother", there are also mine owners, winery directors and others. The mine owner's wife cannot bear children, and the mine owner is not allowed to have any idea of giving birth outside marriage, otherwise his wife's cousin will be threatened with a gun. The ex-wife of the distillery director will take back ownership of the distillery. It is difficult for these men to judge morally right from wrong. The desire to have a son and a child is a normal cultural psychology. This far-reaching driving force will inevitably bring an impact on existing marriages and families. Morality can regulate human behavior, but it is not enough to explain human rich emotions and destiny. Liu Beitou's wife can condemn Liu Beitou and "my mother", but can it discriminate against "me"? The cousin of the mine owner's wife can judge the mine owner morally, but can he threaten the mine owner with a gun and put the mine owner in prison? Can the ex-wife of the distillery director take the distillery and put the director in prison for divorce? Which of these morally judges the other is not full of strong selfishness and evil revenge? The richness of life is that its emotions and destiny do not follow the track of program design, which is also one of the charms and values of human life. Every specific person should show tolerance and kindness to the unpredictable and beyond the "plan" in his or her life, at least show the attitude of trying hard to understand, and treat "impermanence" as "daily". In this way, the harmony that everyone desires is possible.

Individual and historical absurdity

Cao Junqing has focused his attention on the invariance and change of life in the county seat for many years. He is good at discovering new ideas in traditional subject matter and stories. 2015 2 期)所写的是一个熟悉的离婚故事。 One of them, "Once Upon a Time in the League of Mountains," (The Writer , Issue 2, 2015 ), is a familiar divorce story. Her husband Zhao Wenhua's company went bankrupt. After reviewing the special class to enter the company, Zhao Wenhua persuaded "I" to divorce him for the purpose of protecting "I". But when "I" returned to the county again, the fake divorce became a real divorce. Not only did Zhao Wenhua be in trouble, but he also bought a bankrupt state-owned enterprise and was preparing for his new marriage. But the reason why this divorce theme is different from common family marriage stories is that the writer combined the development, bankruptcy, and restructuring of an enterprise with the packaging of a local custom and culture, and the growth of a company's management cadres, which made Zhao Wenhua's divorce and marriage come from A long-planned plan, but "I" has never been aware of it, and has always regarded the change in marriage as an accident. Zhao Wenhua was reused by Director Lin because he was a driver, and he served as a sub-director in a subordinate company. After Director Lin became a county chief, Zhao culture showed great strength, and the company grew rapidly, but the county chief Lin was about to be promoted to the county Party committee secretary. But something happened and went to prison. Zhao Wenhua described the complexity and seriousness of the matter to his wife, while creating the horror atmosphere behind the accountant Wu Yanyan. All this, "I" believed. "I" even hid in "Cup Village", reminiscing about the sweet past of "I" and Zhao Wenhua asking Zao Po to "make a cup". "I" was convinced that "I" and Zhao Wen ’s mountain alliance were sworn. The mysterious "cup" technique is tied together. However, in fact, the "cup" village and its "cup" culture did not exist at all. When the county magistrate served as the township secretary there, he asked folk experts and a group of actors to pack a folk customs tour for the development of tourism. The biggest investor in the cultural tourism of the "Cup" village is actually Zhao Wenhua. Wu Yanyan, who had previously promoted the "Cup" village to "I" and was about to marry Zhao Culture, was once the lover of the county head when he was the township leader ... It is no accident that Wu Yanyan instigated "I" to go to the "cup" village. She is an excellent "trust". Zhao Wenhua was in the "cup" village and was not afraid to sleep beside the coffin, and it was not accidental to think about the promotion of his fortune. He knows it's fake and understands the prospects of projects he invests in. It is no accident that Director Lin has been caring for Zhao Wen from the director to the county head. Zhao Wen's loyalty and execution are enough to make him believe and rest assured. It is no accident that Zhao Wenhua scolds "Wu Yanyan" every day at home. He has to behave as if he doesn't like this seductive woman who is good at making fake accounts ... The most amazing thing about all this is that he is so real. The novel allows us to see that the social process that unfolds objectively, and the phenomena and features that appear objectively before us, are not exactly as "natural" or "necessary" as we imagine, and the logic of history and things contains too much " The power of "artificial" is that most of the time, we do not seek to reveal the truth, or what we see is another truth, another interpretation of the logic of things. This is the wisdom of modernity found and presented in "Once Upon a Time," and from our familiar Chinese experience. This revelation with the meaning of "enlightenment rationality" is wrapped in traditional atmospheres such as "cup" culture, marriage changes, and official world appearances.

2015 4 期)是一个与鱼有关的故事,与历史有关的故事,当然也是与人有关的故事。 Hu Xuemei's "Tuantouyu" ("Shanhua" 2015 , Issue 4 ) is a story about fish, a story about history, and of course a story about people. The work uses historical Chinese poetry and legends about "Tuantouyu" as a cue, and uses fish experts to study the cultivation and cultivation of "Tuantouyu" in Echeng. It describes the bitterness of a group of fishermen in Echeng in the extreme left. Tortuous and miserable fate. 、充满阶级斗争热情的村支书张新红,担心毛主席安排的这一伟大研究会被阶级敌人破坏,她对“美”这个地主老财的三姨太的一举一动时刻保持着警惕。 Hongqi and his mother met a fish expert on the way to sell fish, because it was learned that the fish expert would go to Fankou to study "Wuchang fish" (Tuantou). Both Hongqi and "Mei" wanted to be logistics and assistants for researchers, but Zhang Xinhong, a village secretary with high political consciousness and passion for class struggle, was worried that this great study arranged by Chairman Mao would be destroyed by class enemies, and she was always vigilant about the every action of the third aunt, the landlord and the rich man, "beauty". Red Zhang has always wanted revenge against Zhang Xinhong for discriminating, doubting, making things difficult, and insulting her mother. On a stormy night sweeping the breeding base, the resentful red flag deliberately delayed the rescue of Zhang Xinhong in the rescue process and did not want Zhang Xinhong to be washed away by the flood. Hongqi's mother did not want to involve others in the case and took the initiative to surrender, her son Hongqi fled overnight. The sentence of "beauty" was sentenced to a festival in Fankou. Thousands of people gathered to witness a beautiful landlady and aunt, and also celebrated the success of Wuchang fish farming. From the 1950s to the 1970s, there were countless fate stories that were accompanied by humiliation because of their composition and origin. It is worth writing again, I think because of its unique element, Wuchangyu. Wuchang fish was originally one of countless fishes, and although many poems have praised it, it is still a fish. But after Chairman Mao's poems wrote about Wu Changyu, it was more than just a fish. It had a divine aspect. Its sacredness and greatness came from people and the superstition and worship of one person at that time. It is for this reason that the cadre group represented by Zhang Xinhong and others have raised the farm, scientific research team, and other work around scientific research to extreme and ridiculous levels. Only in this way can they be suspicious and alert to those who have the slightest doubt, and even discriminate and follow ,insult. In addition to the divine nature given to Wuchangyu by the extreme political environment, we can also see a refinement of the "Wuchangfish" deity from the common world, from daily life, and from the fate of the people. For example, the mother of "Get Five", because Tuantou saved her son's life, she made a wish to release Tuantou. In the life of Dewu, he was released to fulfill his mother's last wish. Red Flag's mother, "Mei," entrusted Wuchangyu to give birth to Wuchangyu in order to pray for her son's death. Hongqi, who fled to the United States, requested five help from her mother to release Wuchang fish. In the end, Hongqi decided to use his life savings to release Wuchang fish. Dewu In the sixty years of life, each year's release festival fulfills these ordinary people's firm vows. In a humble life, a group of little people have written the grand will of exceeding everything and everything. This is a more vital, more temperature divine.

In a past tragedy and absurd history, "Tuantou" tells how the true deity came into being, how it entered everyone's life, and comforted their fate. Of course, the individual's soul and destiny history also has special aesthetic power. Zhu Zhaomin's creation has always focused on the hidden world and its complexity. 2015 年第 5 期)对女性创伤的形成、在命运展开中的影响以及抚慰有着别具一格的讲述,弥漫着清晰、细腻的女性主义特色。 The "Baked Blue" ("Hibiscus" , No. 5 of 2015 ) has a unique story about the formation of female trauma, its influence in the development of fate and soothing, permeated with clear and delicate feminist characteristics.

年湖北中短篇创作无论是对当前现实生活中重大主题的关注和切入,还是对纷繁无序的现代性现象的感知与叙述,抑或是对历史中的集体记忆与个人命运的重述,都表现出作家们对现实的敏感与热情,对当代人所面对的困境的独特把握,以及对历史的思考与拷问。 In Hubei's short and medium creations in 2015 , whether it is the attention and penetration of major topics in current real life, the perception and narration of the chaotic modernity phenomenon, or the restatement of collective memory and personal destiny in history, It shows the writers' sensitivity and enthusiasm for reality, their unique grasp of the plight faced by contemporary people, and their thinking and torture of history. These valuable artistic qualities make us full of confidence in Hubei's novel creation. In today's extremely personalized and fragmented lifestyle, the desire to shape and characterize the image of people who represent and influence an era may be a more difficult challenge. What we are talking about may not be so typical, but they are indeed the characters and lives that have truly entered our spiritual world, so they can reflect the characters and lives of this era. Closer to the soul and closer to life, this can get deeper perception and realization, and create a wider art world.

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Telling the People and Life That Have Really Entered the Soul——A Review of Hubei's 2015 Short and Medium Stories

2016-06-13 00-00-00

     The quality of short and medium story creation has always been an important indicator of the strength and standard of a local literary creation. Since the 1990s, the short and medium-length novels of our province have always had a prominent position in the country. The short and medium works represented by "Carrying Tea on Beijing", "Heart is Older than the Body", "Father Is a Soldier", "Qin Fracture", "Why the Jay Crows", etc. set the benchmark for Hubei short and medium story creation . Perhaps we can say that in terms of the impact of the works and the number of works, the short and medium-length creations in Hubei in recent years do not seem to maintain and continue this advantage of Hubei's literature. The causes of this status quo are naturally complex and diverse. There are factors such as the literary creation's own mentality, the status quo of existence, and comprehensive literacy, etc .; and external factors, such as the real life in a deep and broad dimension. The tremendous changes in life, the tension of life, the complexity of social contradictions, the extraordinary complexity of social psychology, the richer means and forms of spiritual and cultural life, the changes in literary production and communication methods, and so on.

2015 年湖北的中短篇创作仍然有诸多亮点,林白的短篇《汉阳的蝴蝶》、晓苏的短篇《三个乞丐》(《天涯》 2015 年第 2 期)、普玄的中篇《酒席上的颜色》、曹军庆的中篇《云端之上》四部来自湖北的中短篇同时进入中国小说学会主办的 2015 年度中国小说排行榜,这无疑是 2015 年湖北小说创作令人欣喜的成就。 In spite of this, Hubei's short and medium creations in 2015 still have many bright spots. Lin Bai's short story "Butterfly in Hanyang", Xiao Su's short story "Three Beggars" ("The End of the World" 2015 No. 2 ), Pu Xuan's middle part "Colors on the Banquet", Cao Junqing's middle story "On the Clouds", four short and short stories from Hubei also entered the 2015 Chinese Novel Rankings sponsored by the Chinese Novel Society , which is undoubtedly a delightful achievement of Hubei novel creation in 2015 . 2015 年湖北的中短篇创作中,还有一些未进入排行榜的作品也表现出了鲜明的审美特征和艺术魅力,同样值得关注。 In addition, in the short and medium creations in Hubei in 2015 , there are also some works that have not entered the rankings, which also show clear aesthetic characteristics and artistic charm, which are also worthy of attention. 2015 年第 12 期)在当下典型的社会符号“汽车生活”中,通过车祸、车损背后的悲剧、沉默、诬陷等,揭示出现代性华丽表面下的逃避、怯弱、自私等道德的沦丧,充满对毫无人性光辉的现实的失望、嘲讽与批判;林白的《西北偏北之二三》(《收获》 2015 年第 4 期)呈现出高超的对当下复杂而零乱的生活的整合能力,以诗意的叙述呈现当代人的迷茫、惶恐以及自我确立的努力;晓苏的短篇《三个乞丐》叙述饭馆员工对三个乞丐之间关系的猜测,每一种猜测都远离真相但却是真实发生的另一种真相,折射当下乡村世界的坍塌、无序与晦暗。 Fang Fang's short story "Light Clouds and Light Wind" ("Changjiang Literature and Art" No. 12 of 2015 ) reveals modern times through the tragedy, silence, frame behind car accidents and car damages in the typical social symbol "car life". Erosion, cowardice, selfishness and other moral degradation under the surface of sexual gorgeousness, full of disappointment, ridicule and criticism of the reality of humanity glory; Lin Bai's "Northwest Part Two Three" ("Harvest" No. 4, 2015 ) ) Presents a superb ability to integrate the complex and chaotic life of today, presents the confusion, fear and self-establishment of contemporary people in a poetic narrative; Xiao Su ’s short “Three Beggars” describes the restaurant staff ’s attitude towards the three beggars. Conjectures about relationships, each of which is far from the truth, but is another truth that really happens, reflecting the collapse, disorder and obscurity of the rural world today.

First, the focus of the present and reality

It is the traditional character of Hubei middle and short stories to pay enthusiastic attention to reality and reflect current social life. 年在湖北的中短篇中,深海的《每个人的黄昏》关注老年社会问题,赵丽的《桃花源记》切入美丽乡村建设,马竹的《南水北往》直击事关全局的重大工程,都不同程度呈现了现实主义创作的艺术特色,体现了当下湖北作家把握现实的能力。 In the short and medium story of Hubei in 2015 , Deep Sea's "Everyone's Twilight" pays attention to the social problems of the elderly. Zhao Li's "Peach Blossom Origin" cuts into the construction of beautiful countryside, and Ma Zhu's "South-to-North Water" hits major projects related to the overall situation. All present the artistic characteristics of realistic creation to varying degrees, which reflects the current ability of Hubei writers to grasp reality.

2015 10 月增刊)讲述了“钟宛晴”的退休生活以及老父亲与弟弟的境遇。 The deep sea novel "Everyone's Twilight" ("Hunan Literature" October 2015 Supplement) tells about Zhong Wanqing's retirement life and the situation of his old father and younger brother. 58 岁成为自由人。 Zhong Wanqing was re-employed after retiring, and became a freelancer at the age of 58 . She thought she was free, and soon found herself uncomfortable. Former Zhong Wanqing was omnipotent, solving difficulties for relatives and friends, coordinating conflicts between friends and colleagues, taking care of her 90-year-old mother-in-law and her nearly 90-year-old father, typing and chatting on a computer, and so on. In the eyes of everyone, she was a master of problem solving and life. Capable person. However, with the discovery of a heart surgery and depression, Zhong Wanqing urgently needs to consider not only the life of a strong man in the past, but how to support the elderly, the life of his father, and the survival of his younger brother. With a delicate and calm narrative, the work shows two different mentalities and mental outlooks before and after Zhong Wanqing's retirement. When Zhong Wanqing realized that she was no longer a fierce and omnipotent strong woman, she did not have strong psychological shock and tumult, and there was no obvious anxiety and anxiety, but she planned her future lightly. It is a distinctive feature of the work to write a woman's "forbearance" and "invisibleness" at a critical turning point in life, which fully demonstrates the writer's extraordinary portrayal and narrative ability.

Zhong Wanqing didn't want to take care of her at home because she didn't want to die at home. Of course, she did not want to live with her daughter, because Chengdu was too far away from her father and brother. But in Wuhan, where she lives, she didn't find a suitable pension apartment. In this kind of struggle and search, the old father and his younger brother are in conflict. My brother in his fifties never worked with peace of mind. Even as a gatekeeper, he couldn't perform his duties properly. He still needed a 90-year-old father to take the place of duty. She had to go back to visit her father and deal with family conflicts. This family visit not only allowed Zhong Wanqing to see the different situations of his father, Uncle Qiu, and other elderly people, but also gave her a new understanding of the relationship between his father and his brother. His father was resentful to his unconvinced son throughout his life, but he was willing to help his son as a janitor and to accommodate his son everywhere, because his father was eager to live with his son's family, even if there was quarrel or dissatisfaction. Uncle Qiu, who was once regarded as his father, did not have this environment. He lived in a nursing home and became a moldy wasteman who could not move. Zhong Wanqing finally understood that no matter how failed and decadent his younger brother was, the elderly father just didn't want to live alone in a nursing home like Uncle Qiu and be at the mercy of an animal. Zhong Wanqing gave up the idea of going to a nursing home. Obviously, "Every Twilight" has deepened our suspicion and vigilance in nursing homes for the elderly suffering of Uncle Qiu who was paralyzed, unable to take care of himself, and even lost his ability to speak, and the caregivers who treated the elderly as pigs Zhong Wanqing was afraid and alert to the nursing home.

Although not every old man is as helpless and dignified as Uncle Qiu, no matter how good a caregiver is, it is impossible for every old man to be regarded as his own parent, and not every old man who cares at home. Careful attention of children. But Zhong Wanqing finally decided to give up looking for a nursing home. Therefore, it is not so much the home that beats the nursing home, but the family relationship and family atmosphere beat the nursing home. For China, which is entering an elderly society, social pension institutions, mechanisms, and service standards are far from real needs. The particularity of the population structure brought about by the family planning policy of one child per couple makes it more unlikely that family pensions will become a universal model. Whether to stay with their children to care for the elderly or live in a nursing home is undoubtedly the current and future countless elderly people to think and choose. Spatial distance, room and board, hardware conditions, service attitude, etc. are not the most basic indicators for choosing the way of supporting the elderly. As revealed in "Everyone's Twilight", the most humane way of supporting is harmonious and warm. The atmosphere, and more importantly, no matter how glorious you are before aging, after you are aging, you are no different from every old person. Moreover, if you want a dignified and decent old life, you must first admit that you are not a senior official, a rich man or an intellectual, you are an old man, an old father or an old mother. It's dusk for everyone.

Ma Zhu is not one of those high-yielding writers, but he writes extremely carefully and carefully every time. 2015 12 期)通过“奶奶”的失踪和寻找,切进一个跨时代的巨大水利工程。 "Going South to North" ("Hunan Literature" 2015-12 ), through the disappearance and search of "grandma", cut into a huge water project across the ages. In the process of searching for the works, the history and immigration process of the water diversion project were explained and narrated. Through the perspective of immigration, the sufferings of immigrants leaving their homes and leaving their hometowns were described, thus giving the work a grand atmosphere. Of course, from the perspective of the novel, the meaning of the work lies in the constant quarrels between the parents since the relocation, the parents' misunderstanding of Han's junior Han Xingshui, and the final reconciliation between the parents and Han Xingshui. After his father immigrated from Hanjiazhou to Suixian County, his father kept arguing with his mother about trivial matters, complaining about paddy fields, disagreement over land transfers, and finding a way out of a little bit of trouble. These were extremely restless, extremely anxious and irritable The atmosphere finally caused grandma to leave. The root cause is that his father's heart did not follow his family and his soul was still in Hanjiazhou. Obviously, his father did not recognize the turn of the South-to-North Water Transfer to his destiny, and his irritability was a struggle. As the newly elected village director, Han Xingshui did not care about and miss his homeland, but his method was to bring a huge stone from Han Jiazhou with the names of the immigrants. This stone symbolizes homeland. But this stone that gave psychological comfort to immigrants was understood by fathers and mothers as personal gain. Of course, all this was relieved in the process of searching for grandma and in the explanation and talk of Han Xingshui after drinking. Father and mother, as well as Han Yanling, have gained a new understanding of themselves and the complex emotions of others. The impact of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project on hundreds of thousands of immigrants is not a new living environment and production methods. What is more important is the subversion, disintegration, and separation of hundreds of thousands of people. They must rebuild a psychological and cultural world where they can survive. Therefore, it can be said that grandma's departure is precisely because she lost a spiritual world that supports her. The search for grandma is exactly the search for this spiritual world that has not yet been built successfully.

2015 12 期)以摄影家梅芸的视角深入当下的生态现实。 Zhao Li's "Peach Blossoms" ("Yangtze River Series" 2015-12 ) from the perspective of photographer Mei Yun to deepen the current ecological reality. "I" was invited to Maohu County to take scenery photography collections, but found that the scenery as beautiful as peach blossoms was permeated with death, that is, a middle school was built on the site of an abandoned radiation factory. Half of the people in the surrounding villages have died of cancer. This discovery made Mei Yun no longer have the passion to shoot scenery albums, but continued to expose this inside story, but Mei Yun and her husband have had friendship with the county governor Qu Ping for more than 20 years. Mei Yun's ideas not only met with the opposition of her husband Xia Hui, the indifference of the county elder's wife Li Hui, her respected writer Lao Wu, senior journalist Guo Guo, etc. all retreated. When she was most isolated and helpless, the man who admired her and loved her had disappeared inexplicably. Everyone associated with it, either for career or friendship or survival. Mei Yun felt that she was facing the world in a ridiculous way. A person was facing a powerful bomb, a source of radiation pollution that threatened countless students and villagers. In her repeated failures to expose the inside story, those peach-like scenes still obscure the ugly and terrible truth. This is a work on the environment, but at the same time wedges into the intricacies of the county's political ecology. In a world with a small population, a small matter and the ups and downs of an official seem to involve everyone. Therefore, achieving one thing is just as difficult as solving a situation. The corruption and deterioration of the rural environment is no longer news, but there are not many works expressing this theme in the form of novels. Therefore, this is a courageous work, and the work relatively successfully portrays the integrity and helplessness and pain of "I", and sharply criticizes the hypocrisy and weakness of some men represented by Xia Hui. Ask Mei Yun why she ignores the future and friendship of her friends and ignores the hidden dangers and safety of life of countless ordinary people. Numerous people are polluting and destroying the ecology of the whole society on the grounds of noble morality. This may be what the Taohuayuanji tried to express but failed to fully express.

One of the most intuitive manifestations of urbanization is large-scale demolition and construction. 2015 2 期)围绕一条主干道的修建,描述了当下如火如荼的城市化建设过程。 Han Yongming's "Avenue for Development" ("Contemporary", 2015 , Issue 2 ) revolves around the construction of a main road, describing the current urban construction process in full swing. Among them, the lack of construction funds, conflicting demands in financing and demolition and resettlement, handling of accidents caused by forced demolition, illegal construction of houses, petitions, and stability coordination, etc., make speculation, anxiety, impatience, helplessness, pain in the process of urbanization , Sacrifice can be reproduced visually and emotionally. In a large number of lively and lively dialogues, the work brings together government cadres, entrepreneurs, banks, ordinary citizens and other classes on one project, a road that makes everyone love and hate, and makes people deeply feel " On the road of development, there has never been only “singing” and laughter, but also sadness, pain and bargaining.

Complex and disorderly dilemmas

In Hubei novel creation, Xie Luoyi always chooses the subject unexpectedly, and the leap forward of story advancement, narrative language and the life of the times are more closely related. 2015 年的新作《旧新堤》和《倒立的条件》充分显示了作家创作的这一艺术特征。 Her 2015 new works "Old and New Bank" and "Inverted Conditions" fully show this artistic feature of writers. 2015 8 期)所写的 Written by "Old and New Embankment" ("Chinese Writer" 2015-8 ) "Shi Cuihua" is a very typical image of contemporary young women. On the way to see the client sign the contract, Shi Cuihua suddenly gave up the contract and returned to the company's anniversary. Similarly, when she was about to marry a fruit merchant, she suddenly changed her mind and ran away from home to meet her boyfriend in college. She determines the color of her hair according to her mood, decides the working method and time according to her opinions, ignores the company regulations and leadership authority, and even resigns when she resigns ... In short, "Shi Cuihua" is full of uncertainty. Shi Cuihua's classmate Mao Mao is a well-planned and thoughtful woman. She works invisibly, gets married, resigns innocently, and runs her own company. The company's business competes with Shi Cuihua. The man Shi Cuihua secretly loves is the core of this company. So, is Shi Cuihua unscrupulous because of her unsightly appearance? Is it because the man in secret has married his classmate and resigned? Is it because your first love boyfriend got married and you have no confidence in the marriage that you are about to face ... I can imagine many questions about Shi Cuihua's "noisy" and uncertainty. But it is difficult to find a satisfactory answer to this. This is a manifestation of the survival dilemma we are experiencing. In the context of globalization, when we look at the living conditions of modern people, we will naturally feel the impact and sweep of the stormy waves of modernization on the existing world. Overnight, it seems that our world no longer has order and stability, and there is no sense of wholeness. This is appalling. Even more regrettable, we have no time to wait for the reconstruction of the disrupted world. We are more likely to be helpless and “tossing” about the social process that this individual cannot do. Of course, you can use another word called “struggle”. 戏拟、反讽,等等,如此,我们可以更加形象和感性地体验这个世界的荒谬,人生的孤独,理性、理想的失败。 But we can also retell and create the corresponding virtual world in a way, such as freedom, games, irrationality , parody, irony, etc. In this way, we can experience this world more vividly and emotionally Absurd, lonely in life, rational, ideal failure. This may be a gesture, the only gesture that countless people like Shi Cuihua can take in disappointment. In fact, behind Shi Cuihua's moody and arrogant boldness, why is there no pain, sadness, and sadness. However, these will not help change the world.

"The Conditions of Handstand" touches on a special subject, prison life. Xiao Yuntong was sentenced to severe punishment for the accidental killing of Vice President Xu for being raped. In prison, she has to deal with the criminal harassment of the criminal Wei Lan and find hope in rigid supervision and supervision. In the hopeless transformation, Xiao Yuntong showed his efforts to reduce his sentence and was cancelled because of the suicide of other criminals. Of course, the strangeness of the novel lies not in the life situation of the women's prison, but in the fact that Xiao Yuntong, who had no relatives to visit, suddenly had a visiting relative, but also a policeman Wu Yang who helped her find a job and was later killed for work. High school classmates who can't remember. After hesitation and suspicion in the beginning, she accepted the visit of a stranger, and she had to convince herself that this stranger was her relatives and hopes, and she had to establish trust or even some kind of fantasy emotion with this person. Such an "abnormal" story related to prison is certainly beyond the experience of most of us. When Xiao Yuntong's numerous complaints have been rejected or ignored, and honesty is to confess sin, the truth of the future is in front of you, do you believe in the surprise or hope brought by a stranger, or do you continue to endure injustice day by day? Silence, wait until the sentence is released? In a place where the rule of law cannot shine, an unbelievable rebirth may be the only way you can believe. Xiao Yuntong is not so concerned with Wu Yang's motivation as she is an outlet for seeking or calling for freedom. In this way, the work does not write a prison story, but a story about the liberation and escape of modern people in distress. After the great success of Enlightenment Reason in our world, we are used to replacing imagination with evidence, truth, and knowledge. Our spiritual world is no longer idealistic, and it has lost the spirit of criticism, reflection, and questioning. "Wu Yang" appeared for the first time at the scene of the visit, and Xiao Yuntong thought it was impossible. The dead cannot be resurrected. This is knowledge and truth. But Xiao Yuntong later convinced himself that the police could pretend to be sacrificed due to work needs, and then changed their status and appeared in life again. Believing that this self-proclaimed "Wu Yang" was here to save herself, and to hold the other's hand across the glass, she was afraid to lose the trust that she had hardly established. This is not the trust she and Wu Yang have, but the trust people have built in their ideals of life and survival. In this way, the pain that penetrates the bone marrow in the living conditions of modern people makes people cry. We exist in this planet and world in the form of life, both helpless and pathetic. The seemingly careless idea of this work has transcendence for the author's current creation.

年《湖南文学》以增刊的方式刊出了武汉第十三届长篇小说笔会作品。 In 2015 , "Hunan Literature" published the works of the 13th Wuhan novel novel pen society by supplement. In addition to the "Everyone's Twilight" mentioned above, Xiao Jing's "Deep Water" and Zhang Huilan's "Divorce" also have notable artistic features. With its elegant language, Through the Crisis Response Process of an Enterprise, "Silent Water Deep Flow" touches on a modern topic, namely the crisis of contemporary public life and its integration. A series of changes took place in the Hongfeng Group, which is engaged in English training and overseas study services. The chairman Cheng Quan was pushed out of the leadership. The vice president Gu Muqing fled with the funds. The vice president Yu Wenhao quietly cooperated with other companies while watching the changes. As a result of the compromise, Fei Tiange, who did not understand business, was pushed to the position of chairman. Before the leadership was stable, the group encountered a lawsuit from the American Examination Service Center. At the same time, the court came to close the accounts and property. Teachers left and students demanded refunds. With such a seemingly indecipherable game of dead chess, with the efforts of the secretary of the board of directors, Lin Ziying, there was a miraculous turn for the better. Lin Ziying asked Zhuang Shicheng to clear up the education authorities, ambassadors and consuls. She came forward to coordinate the media, notified and asked Cheng Quan to return to the company in time to find the "Passion English" training institution and undertake the training of Passion English. At the same time, fees Tiange took the initiative to invite Cheng Quan to serve as chairman. A seemingly irreversible crisis turned the corner. In the narrative of this series of business operations, the novel narrates the emotions of Lin Ziying and the three men in a very modest manner, with Zhuang Shicheng's overwhelming water, and Cheng Quan's complex emotions between siblings and lovers, and Du Zixuan's feelings towards Lin Ziying One-way love. The crisis of contemporary public life is mainly manifested in the crisis of value and identity between individuals and collectives, units, companies, enterprises, and groups. Cheng Quan's exclusion, Gu Muqing's escape with funds, Yu Wenhao's eating out, teachers leaving, students dropping out, etc. On the surface are conflicts of power and interests. In essence, individuals no longer identify with Hongfeng Group. Therefore, what is needed in contemporary public life is the communication rationality between the subjects, that is, to provide a reasonable and universal norm for complex social integration through the communication and fusion between the subjects to guide the rational development of interpersonal relationships. The essence of this reconstruction is, of course, value identification. If Du Zixuan, who is passionate in English, does not agree with the value of cooperating with Hongfeng Group, even if he loves Lin Ziying again, he will not shoot at the time when Hongfeng Group is teetering. Cheng Quan does not agree with the value of Hongfeng Group, and even if she has the complex emotions of Lin Ziying, she will not necessarily return to the board of directors. Although the work touches on these highly sensitive topics of modernity, it is clear that the author did not consciously explore this irresistible field, but insisted on the traditional pattern, writing the emotions of the company in the complex interpersonal and interest disputes of the company . Undoubtedly, these descriptions of emotions are beautiful, moving and elegant, but the reconstruction and development of an enterprise must exceed the emotions of the parties in order to finally have a stable order and foundation. Although Zhang Huilan's "Divorce" wrote common family marriage themes, there are still valuable discoveries, that is, how a divorced woman got out of her former husband's envelope and fear of the future.

In Hubei's short and medium works in recent years, Pu Xuan is regarded as a prolific writer, and his artistic skills are becoming more mature and sophisticated. 2015 5 期)以一个刚满月的孩子的口吻叙述了一个非婚孩子的成长史。 Pu Xuan's "Colors on the Banquet" ("Fiction Monthly Original Edition" 2015 Issue 5 ) describes the growth history of an unmarried child in the tone of a child who has just full moon. The whole story is concentrated in the process of full moon wine. Since the full moon, Liu Ye has seen the humiliation of his mother, the weakness of Liu's back, and the brutality of his wife. The child Liu Liu gave birth to outside of marriage, because he could not obtain legal recognition and protection, and because his mother was not respected, he constantly wanted to kill his father. This idea continued from the full moon to adulthood, of course he never succeeded. What's more confusing to him is that his mother wants to marry Liu with his back, and will bury him in the future. The novel clearly touches not only the dignity of extramarital children, but also how to treat Liu Beitou's love with "my mother". Of course, similar to Liu Beitou and "my mother", there are also mine owners, winery directors and others. The mine owner's wife cannot bear children, and the mine owner is not allowed to have any idea of giving birth outside marriage, otherwise his wife's cousin will be threatened with a gun. The ex-wife of the distillery director will take back ownership of the distillery. It is difficult for these men to judge morally right from wrong. The desire to have a son and a child is a normal cultural psychology. This far-reaching driving force will inevitably bring an impact on existing marriages and families. Morality can regulate human behavior, but it is not enough to explain human rich emotions and destiny. Liu Beitou's wife can condemn Liu Beitou and "my mother", but can it discriminate against "me"? The cousin of the mine owner's wife can judge the mine owner morally, but can he threaten the mine owner with a gun and put the mine owner in prison? Can the ex-wife of the distillery director take the distillery and put the director in prison for divorce? Which of these morally judges the other is not full of strong selfishness and evil revenge? The richness of life is that its emotions and destiny do not follow the track of program design, which is also one of the charms and values of human life. Every specific person should show tolerance and kindness to the unpredictable and beyond the "plan" in his or her life, at least show the attitude of trying hard to understand, and treat "impermanence" as "daily". In this way, the harmony that everyone desires is possible.

Individual and historical absurdity

Cao Junqing has focused his attention on the invariance and change of life in the county seat for many years. He is good at discovering new ideas in traditional subject matter and stories. 2015 2 期)所写的是一个熟悉的离婚故事。 One of them, "Once Upon a Time in the League of Mountains," (The Writer , Issue 2, 2015 ), is a familiar divorce story. Her husband Zhao Wenhua's company went bankrupt. After reviewing the special class to enter the company, Zhao Wenhua persuaded "I" to divorce him for the purpose of protecting "I". But when "I" returned to the county again, the fake divorce became a real divorce. Not only did Zhao Wenhua be in trouble, but he also bought a bankrupt state-owned enterprise and was preparing for his new marriage. But the reason why this divorce theme is different from common family marriage stories is that the writer combined the development, bankruptcy, and restructuring of an enterprise with the packaging of a local custom and culture, and the growth of a company's management cadres, which made Zhao Wenhua's divorce and marriage come from A long-planned plan, but "I" has never been aware of it, and has always regarded the change in marriage as an accident. Zhao Wenhua was reused by Director Lin because he was a driver, and he served as a sub-director in a subordinate company. After Director Lin became a county chief, Zhao culture showed great strength and the company grew rapidly. But something happened and went to prison. Zhao Wenhua described the complexity and seriousness of the matter to his wife, while creating the horror atmosphere behind the accountant Wu Yanyan. All this, "I" believed. "I" even hid in "Cup Village", reminiscing about the sweet past between "I" and Zhao Wenwen asking Zao Po to "make a cup", "I" was convinced that "I" and Zhao Wen ’s mountain alliance were sworn, our life and death have been used by Zao Po The mysterious "cup" technique is tied together. However, in fact, the "cup" village and its "cup" culture did not exist at all. When the county magistrate served as the township secretary there, he asked folk experts and a group of actors to pack a folk customs tour for the development of tourism. The biggest investor in the cultural tourism of the "Cup" village is actually Zhao Wenhua. Wu Yanyan, who had previously promoted the "Cup" village to "I" and was about to marry Zhao Culture, was once the lover of the county head when he was the township leader ... It is no accident that Wu Yanyan instigated "I" to go to the "cup" village. She is an excellent "trust". Zhao Wenhua was in the "cup" village and was not afraid to sleep beside the coffin, and it was not accidental to think about the promotion of his fortune. He knows it's fake and understands the prospects of projects he invests in. It is no accident that Director Lin has been caring for Zhao Wen from the director to the county head. Zhao Wen's loyalty and execution are enough to make him believe and rest assured. It is no accident that Zhao Wenhua scolds "Wu Yanyan" every day at home. He has to behave as if he doesn't like this seductive woman who is good at making fake accounts ... The most amazing thing about all this is that he is so real. The novel allows us to see that the social process that unfolds objectively, and the phenomena and features that appear objectively before us, are not exactly as "natural" or "necessary" as we imagine, and the logic of history and things contains too much " The power of "artificial" is that most of the time, we do not seek to reveal the truth, or what we see is another truth, another interpretation of the logic of things. This is the wisdom of modernity found and presented in "Once Upon a Time," and from our familiar Chinese experience. This revelation with the meaning of "enlightenment rationality" is wrapped in traditional atmospheres such as "cup" culture, marriage changes, and official world appearances.

2015 4 期)是一个与鱼有关的故事,与历史有关的故事,当然也是与人有关的故事。 Hu Xuemei's "Tuantouyu" ("Shanhua" 2015 , Issue 4 ) is a story about fish, a story about history, and of course a story about people. The work uses historical Chinese poetry and legends about "Tuantouyu" as a cue, and uses fish experts to study the cultivation and cultivation of "Tuantouyu" in Echeng. It describes the bitterness of a group of fishermen in Echeng in the extreme left. Tortuous and miserable fate. 、充满阶级斗争热情的村支书张新红,担心毛主席安排的这一伟大研究会被阶级敌人破坏,她对“美”这个地主老财的三姨太的一举一动时刻保持着警惕。 Hongqi and his mother met a fish expert on the way to sell fish, because it was learned that the fish expert would go to Fankou to study "Wuchang fish" (Tuantou). Both Hongqi and "Mei" wanted to be logistics and assistants for researchers, but Zhang Xinhong, a village secretary with high political consciousness and passion for class struggle, was worried that this great study arranged by Chairman Mao would be destroyed by class enemies, and she was always vigilant about the every action of the third aunt, the landlord and the rich man, "beauty". Red Zhang has always wanted revenge against Zhang Xinhong for discriminating, doubting, making things difficult, and insulting her mother. On a stormy night sweeping the breeding base, the resentful red flag deliberately delayed the rescue of Zhang Xinhong in the rescue process and did not want Zhang Xinhong to be washed away by the flood. Hongqi's mother did not want to involve others in the case and took the initiative to surrender, her son Hongqi fled overnight. The sentence of "beauty" was sentenced to a festival in Fankou. Thousands of people gathered to witness a beautiful landlady and aunt, and also celebrated the success of Wuchang fish farming. From the 1950s to the 1970s, there were countless fate stories that were accompanied by humiliation because of their composition and origin. It is worth writing again, I think because of its unique element, Wuchangyu. Wuchang fish was originally one of countless fishes, and although many poems have praised it, it is still a fish. But after Chairman Mao's poems wrote about Wu Changyu, it was more than just a fish. It had a divine aspect. Its sacredness and greatness came from people and the superstition and worship of one person at that time. It is for this reason that the cadre group represented by Zhang Xinhong and others have raised the farm, scientific research team, and other work around scientific research to extreme and ridiculous levels. Only in this way can they be suspicious and alert to those who have the slightest doubt, and even discriminate and follow ,insult. In addition to the divine nature given to Wuchangyu by the extreme political environment, we can also see a refinement of the "Wuchangfish" deity from the common world, from daily life, and from the fate of the people. For example, the mother of "Get Five", because Tuantou saved her son's life, she made a wish to release Tuantou. In the life of Dewu, he was released to fulfill his mother's last wish. Red Flag's mother, "Mei," entrusted Wuchangyu to give birth to Wuchangyu in order to pray for her son's death. Hongqi, who fled to the United States, requested five help from her mother to release Wuchang fish. In the end, Hongqi decided to use his life savings to release Wuchang fish. Dewu In the sixty years of life, each year's release festival fulfills these ordinary people's firm vows. In a humble life, a group of little people have written the grand will of exceeding everything and everything. This is a more vital, more temperature divine.

In a past tragedy and absurd history, "Tuantou" tells how the true deity came into being, how it entered everyone's life, and comforted their fate. Of course, the individual's soul and destiny history also has special aesthetic power. Zhu Zhaomin's creation has always focused on the hidden world and its complexity. 2015 年第 5 期)对女性创伤的形成、在命运展开中的影响以及抚慰有着别具一格的讲述,弥漫着清晰、细腻的女性主义特色。 The "Baked Blue" ("Hibiscus" , No. 5 of 2015 ) has a unique story about the formation of female trauma, its influence in the development of fate and soothing, permeated with clear and delicate feminist characteristics.

年湖北中短篇创作无论是对当前现实生活中重大主题的关注和切入,还是对纷繁无序的现代性现象的感知与叙述,抑或是对历史中的集体记忆与个人命运的重述,都表现出作家们对现实的敏感与热情,对当代人所面对的困境的独特把握,以及对历史的思考与拷问。 In Hubei's short and medium creations in 2015 , whether it is the attention and penetration of major topics in current real life, the perception and narration of the chaotic modernity phenomenon, or the restatement of collective memory and personal fate in history It shows the writers' sensitivity and enthusiasm for reality, their unique grasp of the plight faced by contemporary people, and their thinking and torture of history. These valuable artistic qualities make us full of confidence in Hubei's novel creation. In today's extremely personalized and fragmented lifestyle, the desire to shape and characterize the image of people who represent and influence an era may be a more difficult challenge. What we are talking about may not be so typical, but they are indeed the characters and lives that have truly entered our spiritual world, so they can reflect the characters and lives of this era. Closer to the soul and closer to life, this can get deeper perception and realization, and create a wider art world.

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