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Several Characteristics of Hubei Ancient Literature——Reading the Ancient Part of General History of Hubei Literature

Source: literary criticism Published: 2016-01-26 Author: Tao Yuanming

 

I have read the volumes of the General History of Hubei Literature from the pre-Qin to the fifth generation and the Tang to the Qing dynasty. One of the first difficulties in writing the history of regional literature is the inextricable contradiction between the certainty of the narrative objects required by academic norms and the variability of administrative divisions and the fluidity of the writer's whereabouts. How does the writing of regional literary history set the object of research and narrative so as not to drift freely, without breaking the natural process of literary development in each period, and not detaching the writer's work from his own creation and the literary whole of his era. It is the author's greatest skill. Based on the possession of a large amount of historical data, the authors of these two volumes deal with historical data in a rational and accessible manner, investigate and discuss Hubei literature on the overall background of the history of Chinese literature, and enrich China with a detailed description of the history of Hubei literature. Literary History. Regarding the spatial and regional ownership of the writer's work, it can be clearly stated with certainty, and the main ideas of the academic world to be explored are introduced, and their own inferences are put forward. The two volumes of "General History" outline for readers an overview of the Jingchu literary phenomenon of more than 2,000 years as of the late Qing Dynasty, allowing readers to see the position of Hubei literature in the overall Chinese literature. For the major writers who have been mentioned in the history of various Chinese literature, several novel analyses have been proposed; the readers are also introduced to the small and medium-sized writers who have won the reputation of country music that the country ’s literary history has not paid attention to. Although their literary achievements are slightly inferior, The significance in cultural history cannot be ignored. Only by understanding their existence can we fully understand the regional aesthetic tastes and the patterns and changes of literature distribution in each era. When I read these two volumes, I was able to not only review and improve a lot of literary history knowledge, but also appreciate the author ’s sympathy for the ancient literature of Hubei, and feel the harmony and integration of the theory and the nostalgia from the lines.
Hubei literature is just like other regional literature. Although it has never been strictly integrated, but after reading two volumes, it can be roughly deduced that the ancient Hubei literature has relatively stable characteristics. These characteristics are for today ’s Hubei literature and for today Hubei culture can still play the role of breastfeeding.
What are the characteristics of ancient Hubei literature? From the description and analysis of the two volumes of history, there are three main points.
The first is its inclusiveness and openness. Hubei is an ancient city of Jingchu. Unlike Zongzhou's Fenghao, Luoyi, and Qi, Lu, Jin, Wei, and other Central Plains, the country has a simple and natural atmosphere, and is much less constrained by the Yin Zhou ritual system. When we read "Zuo Zhuan" and "Mandarin", we can see the contempt and rejection of the Central Plains Scholars for Yi Di and Rong Hui. The pre-Qin part of "General History" said that the Chu people had much sympathy for Chi You, Gong Gong, and Xia Qi. This open mind is implemented in culture and literature. "General History" said that "Qu Yuan inherited the spirit of tolerance and tolerance of Jingchu culture and adopted an eclectic attitude towards the doctrines of various schools of the North and South cultures." This made Hubei. At the beginning of literature, there was no such bias, restraint and narrowness, but it was more energetic, more imaginative and romantic.
In the Tang and Song dynasties, some degraded and downgraded foreign writers received enthusiastic acceptance and tender comfort in Hubei, and produced rich literary results on a good cultural soil. For example, Wang Yuzhang, originally from Jeju Juye (now Shandong), has been in Huangzhou for three years, but his descendants call him Wang Huangzhou. Lin Hejing's "Reading the King's Poems of Huangzhou" also glorified Huangzhou while praising his literary dedication: "Tang Wei and Tang Fubai were released, and Huang and Song were Huangzhou." Ouyang Xiu is originally from Luling County Jizhou Yongfeng (now Jiangxi) People), only four years in Yiling, Yuan Mei said, "The cause of Luling rises from Yiling." Su Shi was originally from Meishan, Meizhou (now Sichuan), but in Huangzhou for only five years, "Yuanfeng Renxi Spring, Yu Gong ploughed on Dongpo, Zhuxuetang residence", since the name Dongpo, later generations call it For Su Dongpo, the poet Su Dongpo is now known all over the world. In the Song Dynasty, Xiang Anshi had the poem "Xuetang": "Going to the old Xuetang in Huangzhou again, Xuetang's words break people's intestines." The works in Huangzhou are the most touching chapters in Su Shi's poems. Su Shi ’s brother Su Zhe wrote for him in the epitaph, “At the same time, he lived in Huang, Dumen lived deep, galloped Han Mo, and his text changed, like the Sichuan River.” Why does this happen? "Tongshi" pointed out, "Investing in idle life has enabled him to experience society and life more deeply. Hubei's famous mountains and rivers have cultivated his open mind," thus entering a golden period of fruitful creation. . It is no accident that so many big poets reached the pinnacle of their creation in Hubei, which proves that Hubei's creative inspiration to foreign writers and the broad and broad mind of Hubei culture.
Second, Hubei ancient literature is full of pioneering spirit, and has created some unprecedented literary styles, which has enriched the variety of Chinese literature. "General History" cited Song Wang Yinglin's "Study of Difficulties in Learning", "Ai Xuan (Song Dynasty scholar Lin Guangchao, who has" Ai Xuan Ji ") said that the bud of poetry originated from the people of Chu. Therefore, the" Poem "in the domain of Yunjiang Han changed For Chu Ci, Qu Yuan advocates it; it is an article advocating, mostly from Chu also. "We can also add, Song Qi said," Li Sao "is the ancestor of Ci Fu, and later generations should do it. It is known that Quyuan can't go beyond the rules. "As everyone knows, Qu Yuanli established a saucy style. As Liu Ye said," they are not the same generations. " "General History" also pointed out that the demonstration of Qu Yuan's "Nine Songs" formed a "song" style, and the demonstration of "Sky Question" formed a "question" style, and introduced the subsequent imitations of "question" one by one.
Historical commentators have derogated from Song Yu. "General History" has raised Song Yu to a new height, and has a chapter dedicated to "Song Yu and Futai Literature." It is pointed out that in Song Yu's works, the depiction of objects is delicate. Gongzhi, lyricism and portrayal are natural and appropriate. Its "Gao Tang Fu" depicts Wushan's tall and dangerous, meteorological, meticulous, exaggerated rankings, showing a different style from Qu Fu, which kicked off the production of Han Da Fu. Compared with the previous literary history, the "history of general history" has obvious transcendence and innovation.
In the Tang dynasty, "General History" pointed out that Du Shenyan's five-character tunes were tuned, and the work was stable. He completed the standardization and stereotyping of the five laws, and greatly promoted the standardization of the seven laws, which played an important role in the development of ancient style.
Third, Hubei ancient literature is closely linked to folk literature and folk culture. "General History" points out that religious sacrifice in the Central Plains region is closely combined with secular kingship, the original colors fade, and Confucius does not speak strangely and confusingly. The Book of Songs originally originated from the folk, but its formal style was gradually frozen. And "Hanshu Geography" said: "Chu has Jianghan, Chuanze, and the forests of mountains and rivers, and believes in the worship of witches and ghosts." General History "believes that" Nine Songs "is a product of the Chu background witch style. "Wang Yi's" Chapter of Chu Ci "said," In the past, Chu was in the south of the country, and between Xiang and Xiang, its folks believed in ghosts and were good temples. Its shrine must be a song and dance inspired by the gods. Qu Yuan was exiled, wandering its domain, sorrowful and bitter, and sad. See the sacrificial rituals of lay people, the joy of singing and dancing, its temple is ugly, because it is composed of "Nine Songs". The big poet has boldly learned and refined folk folk songs, and created new glories after the "three hundred poems."
In terms of content, the folk songs of sacrifice in Chu area are mostly described as love, and "Nine Songs" also expresses love in a lingering and tender manner. For example, in "Ms. Xiang", "I have a sorrow and a sorrow and a orchid, but I don't dare to say anything about him", and "Shan and Xi should be laughable in the Mountain Ghost". The sincere and pure love songs.
In the Ming Dynasty, Li Zhi and Yuan Hongdao shouted to learn from the people. Hong Dao's "Xiao Xiao Xiu Poetry" said, "Therefore, I say that the poems of this day do not pass on to you. "The Straw Strike" and the like are still done by unknown people, "he added. It is precisely because of the love and respect for folk aesthetics that it promotes the innovation of poetry and literary changes.
What makes people feel novel and unique is that "General History" also raises inconclusive questions, which arouses readers and authors to think together. For example, in the middle and late Ming Dynasty's popular novel creation, why did Hubei "absent" and why there were no influential popular novelists in Hubei at that time. The author states that the cause of this problem is very complex and hopes that interested readers will explore it further. I add here, why is Hubei the most powerful respect for popular novels in theory? Li Xun said that "Water Margin" is the same as "Historical Records", "an angry work"; Yuan Hongdao said, "Jin Ping Mei" "yunxia full of paper", why the shocking remarks at that time came from Hubei? It is also worth our research.

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Several Characteristics of Hubei Ancient Literature——Reading the Ancient Part of General History of Hubei Literature

2016-01-26 00-00-00

 

I have read the volumes of the General History of Hubei Literature from the pre-Qin to the fifth generation and the Tang to the Qing dynasty. One of the first difficulties in writing the history of regional literature is the inextricable contradiction between the certainty of the narrative objects required by academic norms and the variability of administrative divisions and the fluidity of the writer's whereabouts. How does the writing of regional literary history set the object of research and narrative so as not to drift freely, without breaking the natural process of literary development in each period, and not detaching the writer's work from his own creation and the literary whole of his era. It is the author's greatest skill. Based on the possession of a large amount of historical data, the authors of these two volumes deal with historical data in a rational and accessible manner, investigate and discuss Hubei literature on the overall background of the history of Chinese literature, and enrich China with a detailed description of the history of Hubei literature. Literary History. Regarding the spatial and regional ownership of the writer's work, it can be clearly stated with certainty, and the main ideas of the academic world to be explored are introduced, and their own inferences are put forward. The two volumes of "General History" outline for readers an overview of the Jingchu literary phenomenon of more than 2,000 years as of the late Qing Dynasty, allowing readers to see the position of Hubei literature in the overall Chinese literature. For the major writers who have been mentioned in the history of various Chinese literature, several novel analyses have been proposed; the readers are also introduced to the small and medium-sized writers who have won the reputation of country music that the country ’s literary history has not paid attention to. Although their literary achievements are slightly worse, The significance in cultural history cannot be ignored. Only by understanding their existence can we fully understand the regional aesthetic tastes and the patterns and changes of literature distribution in each era. When I read these two volumes, I was able to not only review and improve a lot of literary history knowledge, but also appreciate the author ’s sympathy for the ancient literature of Hubei, and feel the harmony and integration of the theory and the nostalgia from the lines.
Hubei literature is just like other regional literature. Although it has never been strictly integrated, but after reading two volumes, it can be roughly deduced that the ancient Hubei literature has relatively stable characteristics. These characteristics are for today ’s Hubei literature and for today Hubei culture can still play the role of breastfeeding.
What are the characteristics of ancient Hubei literature? From the description and analysis of the two volumes of history, there are three main points.
The first is its inclusiveness and openness. Hubei is an ancient city of Jingchu. Unlike Zongzhou's Fenghao, Luoyi, and Qi, Lu, Jin, Wei, and other Central Plains, the country has a simple and natural atmosphere, and is much less constrained by the Yin Zhou ritual system. When we read "Zuo Zhuan" and "Mandarin", we can see the contempt and rejection of the Central Plains Scholars for Yi Di and Rong Hui. The pre-Qin part of "General History" said that the Chu people had much sympathy for Chi You, Gong Gong, and Xia Qi. This open mind is implemented in culture and literature. "General History" said that "Qu Yuan inherited the spirit of tolerance and tolerance of Jingchu culture and adopted an eclectic attitude towards the doctrines of various schools of the North and South cultures." This made Hubei. At the beginning of literature, there was no such bias, restraint and narrowness, but it was more energetic, more imaginative and romantic.
In the Tang and Song dynasties, some degraded and downgraded foreign writers received enthusiastic acceptance and tender comfort in Hubei, and produced rich literary results on a good cultural soil. For example, Wang Yuzhang, originally from Jeju Juye (now Shandong), has been in Huangzhou for three years, but his descendants call him Wang Huangzhou. Lin Hejing's "Reading the King's Poems of Huangzhou" also glorified Huangzhou while praising his literary dedication: "Tang Wei and Tang Fubai were released, and Huang and Song were Huangzhou." Ouyang Xiu is originally from Luling County Jizhou Yongfeng (now Jiangxi) People), only four years in Yiling, Yuan Mei said, "The cause of Luling rises from Yiling." Su Shi was originally from Meishan, Meizhou (now Sichuan), but in Huangzhou for only five years, "Yuanfeng Renxi Spring, Yu Gong ploughed on Dongpo, Zhuxuetang residence", since the name Dongpo, later generations call it For Su Dongpo, the poet Su Dongpo is now known all over the world. In the Song Dynasty, Xiang Anshi had the poem "Xuetang": "Going to the old Xuetang in Huangzhou again, Xuetang's words break people's intestines." The works in Huangzhou are the most touching chapters in Su Shi's poems. Su Shi ’s brother Su Zhe wrote for him in the epitaph, “At the same time, he lived in Huang, Dumen lived deep, galloped Han Mo, and his text changed, like the Sichuan River.” Why does this happen? "Tongshi" pointed out, "Investing in idle life has enabled him to experience society and life more deeply. Hubei's famous mountains and rivers have cultivated his open mind," thus entering a golden period of fruitful creation. . It is no accident that so many big poets reached the pinnacle of their creation in Hubei, which proves that Hubei's creative inspiration to foreign writers and the broad and broad mind of Hubei culture.
Second, Hubei ancient literature is full of pioneering spirit, and has created some unprecedented literary styles, which has enriched the variety of Chinese literature. "General History" cited Song Wang Yinglin's "Study of Difficulties in Learning", "Ai Xuan (Song Dynasty scholar Lin Guangchao, who has" Ai Xuan Ji ") said that the bud of poetry originated from the people of Chu. Therefore, the" Poem "in the domain of Yunjiang Han changed For Chu Ci, Qu Yuan advocates it; it is an article advocating, mostly from Chu also. "We can also add, Song Qi said," Li Sao "is the ancestor of Ci Fu, and later generations should do it. It is known that Quyuan can't go beyond the rules. "As everyone knows, Qu Yuanli established a saucy style. As Liu Ye said," they are not the same generations. " "General History" also pointed out that the demonstration of Qu Yuan's "Nine Songs" formed a "song" style, and the demonstration of "Sky Question" formed a "question" style, and introduced the subsequent imitations of "question" one by one.
Historical commentators have derogated from Song Yu. "General History" has raised Song Yu to a new height, and has a chapter dedicated to "Song Yu and Futai Literature." It is pointed out that in Song Yu's works, the depiction of objects is delicate. Gongzhi, lyricism and portrayal are natural and appropriate. Its "Gao Tang Fu" depicts Wushan's tall and dangerous, meteorological, meticulous, exaggerated rankings, showing a different style from Qu Fu, which kicked off the production of Han Da Fu. Compared with the previous literary history, the "history of general history" has obvious transcendence and innovation.
In the Tang dynasty, "General History" pointed out that Du Shenyan's five-character tunes were tuned, and the work was stable. He completed the standardization and stereotyping of the five laws, and greatly promoted the standardization of the seven laws, which played an important role in the development of ancient style.
Third, Hubei ancient literature is closely linked to folk literature and folk culture. "General History" points out that religious sacrifice in the Central Plains region is closely combined with secular kingship, the original colors fade, and Confucius does not speak strangely and confusingly. The Book of Songs originally originated from the folk, but its formal style was gradually solidified. And "Hanshu Geography" said: "Chu has Jianghan, Chuanze, and the forests of mountains and rivers, and believes in the worship of witches and ghosts." General History "believes that" Nine Songs "is a product of the Chu background witch style. "Wang Yi's" Chapter of Chu Ci "said," In the past, Chu was in the south of the country, and between Xiang and Xiang, its folks believed in ghosts and were good temples. Its shrine must be a song and dance inspired by the gods. Qu Yuan was exiled, wandering its domain, sorrowful and bitter, and sad. See the sacrificial rituals of lay people, the joy of singing and dancing, its temple is ugly, because it is composed of "Nine Songs". The big poet has boldly learned and refined folk folk songs, and created new glories after the "three hundred poems."
In terms of content, the folk songs of sacrifice in Chu area are mostly described as love, and "Nine Songs" also expresses love in a lingering and tender manner. For example, in "Ms. Xiang", "I have a sorrow and a sorrow and a orchid, but I don't dare to say anything about him", and "Shan and Xi should be laughable in the Mountain Ghost". The sincere and pure love songs.
In the Ming Dynasty, Li Zhi and Yuan Hongdao shouted to learn from the people. Hong Dao's "Xiao Xiao Xiu Poetry" said, "Therefore, I say that the poems of this day do not pass on to you. "The Straw Strike" and the like are still done by unknown people, "he added. It is precisely because of the love and respect for folk aesthetics that it promotes the innovation of poetry and literary changes.
What makes people feel novel and unique is that "General History" also raises inconclusive questions, which arouses readers and authors to think together. For example, in the middle and late Ming Dynasty's popular novel creation, why did Hubei "absent" and why there were no influential popular novelists in Hubei at that time. The author states that the cause of this problem is very complex and hopes that interested readers will explore it further. I add here, why is Hubei the most powerful respect for popular novels in theory? Li Xun said that "Water Margin" is the same as "Historical Records", "an angry work"; Yuan Hongdao said, "Jin Ping Mei" "yunxia full of paper", why the shocking remarks at that time came from Hubei? It is also worth our research.

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