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From Regional Literature to Literary Communities

Source: Guangming Daily Published: 2013-12-03 Author: Township in

The literary community should advocate and carry forward literary beliefs that are commonly accepted by people. This not only refers to the promotion of specific literary styles and genres, but also an understanding of the spirit of literature. The process of literary activities can better reflect the essence of literary spirit. In the final analysis, the literary community is to create a lifestyle with literature as the medium and advocating spirit.

The so-called "writer group" is basically closely related to the region. When discussing the relationship between region and literature from today's literature reality, we need to pay attention to some new changes and new phenomena.

The naturalness of regional culture gives way to sociality

In literary studies, references to regional culture have gradually been replaced by "regional culture". However, when people use "area" instead of "area", they do not consciously distinguish the difference between the two in theory. Maybe it's more a reason for newness and follow the trend. People basically use the concept of "regional culture" within the original theoretical framework. In the discussions of some scholars, the two are even mixed. The editor's note of the "Chinese Regional Culture Series" pointed out: "Regional culture, or regional culture, is a geography and humanities discipline that studies the combination of human cultural space." In literary criticism, "regional culture" is used more often, but There are also people who switch to "regional culture." I would like to see this change as a theoretical response to the natural tendency of regional culture to give way to sociality.

"Area" has more modern academic meaning than "area". "Region" is a special term in geography and a specific concept in mathematics. The subtle difference between "area" and "area" is that the former is more natural, while the latter is more artificial; the former belongs to the era of agricultural culture, and the latter belongs to the modern era. Today we need to pay more attention to regional characteristics and study how regional characteristics work in the state where regional boundaries are becoming increasingly blurred.

Regional characteristics are actually traces left by the sociality of regional culture. For Chinese contemporary literature, because of its organizational and purposeful characteristics, the social impact is quite significant. This brings us to the issue of the literary system. Compared with social systems such as the political system and the economic system, the literary system is more implicit, and it is more realized through a social habit and spiritual instruction. Different social forms have different literary systems. A literary system is a basic guarantee for a society to achieve a virtuous circle in literary production and to allow literature to be accepted by members of society.

It can be seen from the article "Focus on the" writer group "" in the "Guangming Daily" that the characteristics of a region's writer group summarized by critics are mostly caused by regional sociality. For example, Tan Yunchang put forward a concept of "Guangdong migrant writer writer group", which is obviously related to Guangdong as the forefront of reform and opening up, and the wave of migrant workers has grown the most. The author even believes that Guangdong writers' creation "has not made outstanding achievements in fully digging and applying regional cultural resources." Of course, this is not to say that Guangdong writers do not have the ability to excavate and apply, but that in Guangdong, a region where the impact of globalization is quite prominent, the color of regional culture has become even weaker. Another example is Liu Fusheng's special emphasis on the concept of "immigrant writers" when discussing the group of writers in Hainan. This is obviously related to several important immigration waves in Hainan's contemporary history, "especially the '100,000 people coming to Hainan' caused by the establishment of the Special Administrative Region in 1988. This has largely changed the composition of writers, and even changed It ’s the mainstream reading expectations of Hainan readers. " The literature of Shaanxi used to have the strongest regional color, so the narrative of local literature in Shaanxi also has a strong tradition, which is prominently reflected in the rise of the "Shaanxi Army" and its interpretation of the "Shaanxi Army" in the 1990s. However, Zhou Yanfen told people in her observation of Shaanxi writers in the new century that Shaanxi writers have a tendency to go to the region in the creation of novels.

The urban narrative gradually replaced the rural narrative, becoming the main theme of literature

China is a big agricultural country, and it is proud of its native literature. But the situation has changed quietly since the new century. Today's literary creation is not only a long history of local literature, but also the rapid development of urban literature, which has great momentum to replace it. The short and medium stories represent the literary benchmark of the novel, so we can judge the trend of urban literature from the current situation of short and medium stories. Opening up various literary journals, most of the short and medium stories reflecting urban life. Judging from the choices of young writers, most of the young writers that have emerged in recent years have chosen the theme of urban life. This is particularly prominent in the writers born in the 1970s and the post-80s generation, which is related to their life experience and knowledge structure.

The prosperity of urban literature is an inevitable trend of social development. In the past, the urban experience was mainly dealt with in the form of vernacular literature. This has its historical reason, because the city is still surrounded by the countryside, and the city people are just rural people who have entered the city. Today, this situation has changed. The dual forces of globalization and modernization have fundamentally changed cities. In this context, truly independent urban literature is urgently needed. Although urban literature is becoming more and more prosperous, it lacks ideological works. One important reason is that urban literature has not established its own tradition.

From the perspective of ideological resources, writers who write urban literature, especially young writers, mostly refer to Western modernist literature. Of course, western urbanization and modernization are far ahead of us. Their ideological resources are worthy of reference. But to truly establish their own tradition, they must also rely on their own experience and spiritual heritage. This is basically a social factor and has little to do with natural regional culture. Urban literature in contemporary Chinese literature relies on "Chinese characteristics" to truly establish its own tradition. Therefore, more attention needs to be paid to those things with Chinese characteristics in the process of urbanization. Not long ago, I attended a seminar on the Northeast Old Industrial Base and Contemporary Literature. I greatly appreciated the organizer's ability to use the old industrial base as an important resource for contemporary literature. Focusing on industry means focusing on "Chinese characteristics". As a late-developing country in modernization, industry is still an important part of urban life. The Chinese do not have to be ashamed of "Made in China" spread all over the world. On the contrary, "Made in China" is a way of presenting "Chinese characteristics." Therefore, industrial experience and worker culture should be important factors in establishing the urban literary tradition.

Promoting the Spirit of Literature with the Literary Community

In summary, the regionality of the social form is outweighing the regionality of the natural form, and the regionality of the reinforced concrete construction is replacing the regionality of the rural landscape. How to actively intervene in the impact of regional sociality and regional urbanization on literature should be an interesting topic. Here, I would like to propose a concept of "literary community".

Community, as a concept of modern sociology, originally referred to an ideal type of society. It was first proposed by Tonnies in The Community and Society. He defines any form of organic organization based on collaborative relationships as a community, with the aim of emphasizing intimate relationships and common spiritual consciousness, as well as a sense of belonging and identity to the community. The literary community refers to the field where certain writers have united the writers in the region through certain literary organizations to form a positive interaction with each other.

In recent years, Henan's literary development has been more prominent, and the concept of "Central Plains Writer Group" has been proposed. Many new literary figures have emerged from here. Over the years, Henan Writers Association has done a lot of useful work. Hubei has also formed a complementary literary community. The writers here are not only neat, but also diverse in style, like a gorgeous and colorful garden. Viewed in isolation, Hubei writers have a distinctive personality and a spirit of innovation, but they do not push the "new" to the extreme and do not lead fashion in heretical ways. This is because the literary world in Hubei has a harmonious and open atmosphere. Hubei writers have formed a complementary relationship with each other. You have me, you have me, and you are different and integrated.

In community theory, the concept of "communalization" is very important. The so-called "communalization" means that in a community, people need to form a sense of belonging. People who belong to the same community are willing to interact together, share pain, and share happiness. The community theory believes that belief is an important factor in forming a sense of community, and people can achieve communityization based on the interaction and interaction of beliefs with common values. The same is true of the literary community. The reason why a literary community is cohesive and attractive to a large number of writers is that it advocates and develops literary beliefs that are commonly accepted by people. This literary belief not only refers to the promotion of specific literary styles and literary schools, but also an understanding of the spirit of literature. In the past, the understanding of the spirit of literature was always associated with secular utilitarianism. Therefore, the literary system often values the results of literary activities and ignores the process of literary activities. In a certain sense, the process of literary activities can better reflect the essence of literary spirit, and the literary system should consider how to make the literary spirit fully diverge in the process of literary activities.

The work done by Hubei Writers Association in recent years is worth promoting. They launched the "Hubei Farmer Writer Support Program" a few years ago to publish a set of "Hubei Farmer Writer Books" to an end. This year, the "Hubei Worker Writer Support Plan" will be implemented, and the results of a series of worker writer books will also be obtained. The significance of the work of Hubei Writers Association is not entirely here, but rather the promotion and promotion of the spirit of literature in the process of this work.

As far as I know, it was a letter from farmers that prompted the Hubei Writers Association to implement a plan to support farmers' writers. Many years ago, Fang Fang, who was just elected chairman of the Hubei Writers Association, received a letter from farmer Zhou Chunlan. This middle-aged woman who reads only junior high school because of family poverty, has to undertake heavy farming and housework every day in the countryside, but loves writing. She sent Fang Fang two short stories she wrote, and in her letter told her the hardships she had been writing for many years, the embarrassment of her life, and especially the misunderstanding. Fang Fang visited Zhou Chunlan's hometown to visit her, and her words deeply touched Fang Fang. Zhou Chunlan said: "Only by writing can I live my dignity." It is hard to imagine that this is what a woman who deals with the land and the stove every day says. Obviously, she has gained the spiritual power that others can not appreciate in writing In writing, she saw a spiritual world that others had never seen before.

In fact, peasants who love literature like Zhou Chunlan are not isolated cases, and most of them love literature for basically the same reasons. They do not want to rely on literature for fame and fortune, but for spiritual comfort from literature. . After implementing the Farmer Writer Support Program, Fang Fang has learned more about the current situation of rural literature. She said, "We help farmers write, not to launch a few amazing works, but to hope that through their writing, they will make life easier. People in the countryside convey a way of life: in the countryside, in addition to watching television, watching videos, gambling, and playing mahjong in the spare time, there is another way of living is to read and write, which is a more respectable lifestyle. " Fang's words point to the key to literary community. In the final analysis, the literary community is to create a lifestyle with literature as the medium and advocating spirit.

The community theory emphasizes the importance of belief and believes that in a good community, people can interact with beliefs based on common values in order to achieve communityization. This requires a process of self-motivation of faith. As a community of life, it is condensed by faith. Faith is also a coagulant for the literary community. In a sense, literature is a belief. Only when we treat literature as a belief can we truly build a good literary community.

Address: Hubei Writers Association, No. 1 Cuiliu Street, Donghu Road, Wuchang District, Wuhan City, Hubei Province Tel: 027-68880616 027-68880679
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Technical Support: Hubei Daily

From Regional Literature to Literary Communities

2013-12-03 00-00-00

The literary community should advocate and carry forward literary beliefs that are commonly accepted by people. This not only refers to the promotion of specific literary styles and genres, but also an understanding of the spirit of literature. The process of literary activities can better reflect the essence of literary spirit. In the final analysis, the literary community is to create a lifestyle with literature as the medium and advocating spirit.

The so-called "writer group" is basically closely related to the region. When discussing the relationship between region and literature from today's literature reality, we need to pay attention to some new changes and new phenomena.

The naturalness of regional culture gives way to sociality

In literary studies, references to regional culture have gradually been replaced by "regional culture". However, when people use "area" instead of "area", they do not consciously distinguish the difference between the two in theory. Maybe it's more a reason for newness and follow the trend. People basically use the concept of "regional culture" within the original theoretical framework. In the discussions of some scholars, the two are even mixed. The editor's note of the "Chinese Regional Culture Series" pointed out: "Regional culture, or regional culture, is a geography and humanities discipline that studies the combination of human cultural space." In literary criticism, "regional culture" is used more often, but There are also people who switch to "regional culture." I would like to see this change as a theoretical response to the natural tendency of regional culture to give way to sociality.

"Area" has more modern academic meaning than "area". "Region" is a special term in geography and a specific concept in mathematics. The subtle difference between "area" and "area" is that the former is more natural, while the latter is more artificial; the former belongs to the era of agricultural culture, and the latter belongs to the modern era. Today we need to pay more attention to regional characteristics and study how regional characteristics work in the state where regional boundaries are becoming increasingly blurred.

Regional characteristics are actually traces left by the sociality of regional culture. For Chinese contemporary literature, because of its organizational and purposeful characteristics, the social impact is quite significant. This brings us to the issue of the literary system. Compared with social systems such as the political system and the economic system, the literary system is more implicit, and it is more realized through a social habit and spiritual instruction. Different social forms have different literary systems. A literary system is a basic guarantee for a society to achieve a virtuous circle in literary production and to allow literature to be accepted by members of society.

It can be seen from the article "Focus on the" writer group "" in the "Guangming Daily" that the characteristics of a region's writer group summarized by critics are mostly caused by regional sociality. For example, Tan Yunchang put forward a concept of "Guangdong migrant writer writer group", which is obviously related to Guangdong as the forefront of reform and opening up, and the wave of migrant workers has grown the most. The author even believes that Guangdong writers' creation "has not made outstanding achievements in fully digging and applying regional cultural resources." Of course, this is not to say that Guangdong writers do not have the ability to excavate and apply, but that in Guangdong, a region where the impact of globalization is quite prominent, the color of regional culture has become even weaker. Another example is Liu Fusheng's special emphasis on the concept of "immigrant writers" when discussing the group of writers in Hainan. This is obviously related to several important immigration waves in Hainan's contemporary history, "especially the '100,000 people coming to Hainan' caused by the establishment of the Special Administrative Region in 1988. This has largely changed the composition of writers, and even changed It ’s the mainstream reading expectations of Hainan readers. " The literature of Shaanxi used to have the strongest regional color, so the narrative of local literature in Shaanxi also has a strong tradition, which is prominently reflected in the rise of the "Shaanxi Army" and its interpretation of the "Shaanxi Army" in the 1990s. However, Zhou Yanfen told people in her observation of Shaanxi writers in the new century that Shaanxi writers have a tendency to go to the region in the creation of novels.

The urban narrative gradually replaced the rural narrative, becoming the main theme of literature

China is a big agricultural country, and it is proud of its native literature. But the situation has changed quietly since the new century. Today's literary creation is not only a long history of local literature, but also the rapid development of urban literature, which has great momentum to replace it. The short and medium stories represent the literary benchmark of the novel, so we can judge the trend of urban literature from the current situation of short and medium stories. Opening up various literary journals, most of the short and medium stories reflecting urban life. Judging from the choices of young writers, most of the young writers that have emerged in recent years have chosen the theme of urban life. This is particularly prominent in the writers born in the 1970s and the post-80s generation, which is related to their life experience and knowledge structure.

The prosperity of urban literature is an inevitable trend of social development. In the past, the urban experience was mainly dealt with in the form of vernacular literature. This has its historical reason, because the city is still surrounded by the countryside, and the city people are just rural people who have entered the city. Today, this situation has changed. The dual forces of globalization and modernization have fundamentally changed cities. In this context, truly independent urban literature is urgently needed. Although urban literature is becoming more and more prosperous, it lacks ideological works. One important reason is that urban literature has not established its own tradition.

From the perspective of ideological resources, writers who write urban literature, especially young writers, mostly refer to Western modernist literature. Of course, western urbanization and modernization are far ahead of us. Their ideological resources are worthy of reference. But to truly establish their own tradition, they must also rely on their own experience and spiritual heritage. This is basically a social factor and has little to do with natural regional culture. Urban literature in contemporary Chinese literature relies on "Chinese characteristics" to truly establish its own tradition. Therefore, more attention needs to be paid to those things with Chinese characteristics in the process of urbanization. Not long ago, I attended a seminar on the Northeast Old Industrial Base and Contemporary Literature. I greatly appreciated the organizer's ability to use the old industrial base as an important resource for contemporary literature. Focusing on industry means focusing on "Chinese characteristics". As a late-developing country in modernization, industry is still an important part of urban life. The Chinese do not have to be ashamed of "Made in China" spread all over the world. On the contrary, "Made in China" is a way of presenting "Chinese characteristics." Therefore, industrial experience and worker culture should be important factors in establishing the urban literary tradition.

Promoting the Spirit of Literature with the Literary Community

In summary, the regionality of the social form is outweighing the regionality of the natural form, and the regionality of the reinforced concrete construction is replacing the regionality of the rural landscape. How to actively intervene in the impact of regional sociality and regional urbanization on literature should be an interesting topic. Here, I would like to propose a concept of "literary community".

Community, as a concept of modern sociology, originally referred to an ideal type of society. It was first proposed by Tonnies in The Community and Society. He defines any form of organic organization based on collaborative relationships as a community, with the aim of emphasizing intimate relationships and common spiritual consciousness, as well as a sense of belonging and identity to the community. The literary community refers to the field where certain writers have united the writers in the region through certain literary organizations to form a positive interaction with each other.

In recent years, Henan's literary development has been more prominent, and the concept of "Central Plains Writer Group" has been proposed. Many new literary figures have emerged from here. Over the years, Henan Writers Association has done a lot of useful work. Hubei has also formed a complementary literary community. The writers here are not only neat, but also diverse in style, like a gorgeous and colorful garden. Viewed in isolation, Hubei writers have a distinctive personality and a spirit of innovation, but they do not push the "new" to the extreme and do not lead fashion in heretical ways. This is because the literary world in Hubei has a harmonious and open atmosphere. Hubei writers have formed a complementary relationship with each other. You have me, you have me, and you are different and integrated.

In community theory, the concept of "communalization" is very important. The so-called "communalization" means that in a community, people need to form a sense of belonging. People who belong to the same community are willing to interact together, share pain, and share happiness. The community theory believes that belief is an important factor in forming a sense of community, and people can achieve communityization based on the interaction and interaction of beliefs with common values. The same is true of the literary community. The reason why a literary community is cohesive and attractive to a large number of writers is that it advocates and develops literary beliefs that are commonly accepted by people. This literary belief not only refers to the promotion of specific literary styles and literary schools, but also an understanding of the spirit of literature. In the past, the understanding of the spirit of literature was always associated with secular utilitarianism. Therefore, the literary system often values the results of literary activities and ignores the process of literary activities. In a certain sense, the process of literary activities can better reflect the essence of literary spirit, and the literary system should consider how to make the literary spirit fully diverge in the process of literary activities.

The work done by Hubei Writers Association in recent years is worth promoting. They launched the "Hubei Farmer Writer Support Program" a few years ago to publish a set of "Hubei Farmer Writer Books" to an end. This year, the "Hubei Worker Writer Support Plan" will be implemented, and the results of a series of worker writer books will also be obtained. The significance of the work of Hubei Writers Association is not entirely here, but rather the promotion and promotion of the spirit of literature in the process of this work.

As far as I know, it was a letter from farmers that prompted the Hubei Writers Association to implement a plan to support farmers' writers. Many years ago, Fang Fang, who was just elected chairman of the Hubei Writers Association, received a letter from farmer Zhou Chunlan. This middle-aged woman who reads only junior high school because of family poverty, has to undertake heavy farming and housework every day in the countryside, but loves writing. She sent Fang Fang two short stories she wrote, and in her letter told her the hardships she had been writing for many years, the embarrassment of her life, and especially the misunderstanding. Fang Fang visited Zhou Chunlan's hometown to visit her, and her words deeply touched Fang Fang. Zhou Chunlan said: "Only by writing can I live my dignity." It is hard to imagine that this is what a woman who deals with the land and the stove every day says. Obviously, she has gained the spiritual strength that others can't appreciate in writing. In writing, she saw a spiritual world that others had never seen before.

In fact, peasants who love literature like Zhou Chunlan are not isolated cases, and most of them love literature for basically the same reasons. They do not want to rely on literature for fame and fortune, but for spiritual comfort from literature. . After implementing the Farmer Writer Support Program, Fang Fang has learned more about the current situation of rural literature. She said, "We help farmers write, not to launch a few amazing works, but to hope that through their writing, they will make life easier. People in the countryside convey a way of life: in the countryside, in addition to watching television, watching videos, gambling, and playing mahjong in the spare time, there is another way of living, that is, reading and writing, which is a more respectable lifestyle. "Fang Fang's words point to the key to literary community. In the final analysis, the literary community is to create a lifestyle with literature as the medium and advocating spirit.

The community theory emphasizes the importance of belief and believes that in a good community, people can interact with beliefs based on common values in order to achieve communityization. This requires a process of self-motivation of faith. As a community of life, it is condensed by faith. Faith is also a coagulant for the literary community. In a sense, literature is a belief. Only when we treat literature as a belief can we truly build a good literary community.

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