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Zhang Ailing's "Golden Lock" After Reading

Source: Unknown Date: 2012-11-03 Author: Eileen Chang

"Golden Lock" is one of Zhang Ailing's most important masterpieces. It has been praised by many critics. Mr. Fu Lei called it "the most beautiful harvest in the literary world." Novel ". I have read it in my youth, and I do n’t have much experience. I have re-read it recently. In my opinion, compared with Zhang Ailing's other novels, this "Golden Lock" can be said to be the pinnacle of Zhang Ailing, both in terms of technique and ideology.

Where Ailing's talent lies, ordinary people cannot reach. Zhang Ailing is good at portraying women, and especially describes various "bad women". The Golden Lock is no exception. The heroine of the novel, Cao Qiqiao, is a lower-class woman from a sesame oil store. However, her eldest brother married her in order to attach power After the declining family of the Jiang family, her husband was an invalid who had been sick in bed since he was a child. He was a civilian born of Qi Qiao. He had a brave and candid side and suddenly entered a deadly and feudal feudal family. Is a tragic story. She was rejected and cold-hearted everywhere in the Jiang family, so she continued to resist, and in the eyes of others, she was notorious. Later, after the husband and the master died one after the other, the Jiang family split the family property, and Qi Qiao was finally able to break away from the feudal family's shackles-Zhang Ailing compared it to a golden lock-and moved her children to live outside. In the second half of Qi Qiao's life, although she did not have a depressed life and had an economic foundation, her second half of her life was unsatisfactory. In the old days, she once entrusted her with her fantasy favorite third man Ji Ze to come to her. She did not hesitate to expose his tricks of cheating money and buried the only love in her life; her children grew up to get married and get married, but Qi Qiao I want to live with my daughter-in-law, and finally angered her daughter-in-law. My daughter is still unmarried when she is 30 years old, so she finds a subject, and Qi Qiaobian destroys it ... Finally, such an unfortunate woman finally died in depression, ending her An unfortunate life.
Zhang Ailing's novels have been greatly influenced by traditional novels. This "Golden Lock" is particularly obvious. From a technical point of view, the shadow of "A Dream of Red Mansions" can be seen in many places. Such as character description. Writing Qi Qiao, the novel is not written directly at the beginning, but through the bedside gossip of two subordinates, to explain clearly the relationship between the characters and the general situation of this family, this and "Long Lou Xing" by Leng Zixing The story of Jia Yucun tells the story of the rise and fall of the two Rongning provinces.
In the mouth of two people, the origin of Qi Qiao was revealed; and then the rumors behind Er Qiao San Xuan were used to explain Qi Qiao's inferior status in the family, because she was a civilian and she was straightforward. Everyone looked down on her. After a series of pavements, Qi Qiao finally appeared. From the beginning, she wrote that she was so angry that she cried because she was acting as a matchmaker for Yun Ze, and in three words, she expressed her unique personality completely through words and actions. Jiang Fu's intricate character relationship is explained quite clearly. In just four or five thousand words, it is completely described on the side. It explains the birth of Qi Qiao, the relationship between the characters, and the image of the characters very well and clearly.
In fact, this method of lateral interpretation is widely used in novels. The best thing is in the back. When it was written that Qi Qiao asked the prospective son-in-law Tong Shizhen to meet them and wanted to dismantle them. In the eyes of Tong, I saw "the old lady with a small figure standing at the door", in Tong's heart, The impression is "intuitively feel that it is a lunatic", and when the novel was written Qi Qiao old age, there was no positive depiction of the image of Qi Qiao, but at the end, it was pointed out by the eyes of others. .
In addition, the novel spans thirty years, and the changes in writing characters and things, the method used in The Golden Lock is even more wonderful. For example, at the end of the novel, Qi Qiao pushed the bracelet on his arm, and that bracelet could not be pushed at all when he was young and mellow, but in old age, the oil is exhausted, and the bracelet can always be pushed onto the armpit. This gold bracelet is like one The shackles, thirty years of depression and desolation, in the middle of this push, it is the finishing touch!
Zhang Ailing constantly mentions the "moon" in the novel. The moon is a symbol of desolation and loneliness. Different people see the moon at different times and have different feelings. The moon is a witness of the inner changes of the characters. For example, the moon at the beginning is: "The flat lower quarter moon is lower, lower, and bigger, like a sink of red gold, sinking ...", which foreshadows a family that has fallen in the declining era; "a fuzzy moon, like a picture of a lithograph "This is the moon in the eyes of Chang'an ’s daughter, Chang'an;" There is a moon in Changying's dark clouds, one black and one white, like a dramatic puppet mask ", the moon in the eyes of Qiqiao;" tonight The moon is better than any other day. A tall full moon, cloudless, is like a white sun in the dark sky. It is the sun in the eyes of daughter-in-law. The lack of a full moon is a symbol of the fate of a character.
The tragic fate of Qiqiao is unfolded through a series of contradictions, and it is through a series of dramatic conflicts that the novel firmly grasps the reader's heart. In the beginning, a woman of modest birth placed in the feudal clan was itself the biggest contradiction and the beginning of the unfortunate fate of the character. Then through the contradiction between Qiqiao and Ji, Qiqiao and Sanye Jize, Qiqiao and his children's contradiction, one by one, the structure is rigorous, and the story begins in a scene of contradictions.
Qi Qiao is hot and fierce on the surface, and extremely distrustful of human nature. However, she still yearns for happiness in her bones. When she is lonely, she often thinks of the porker who had flirted with herself in the past. Even, she boldly pursues Sanye Jize. However, imagination is imagination after all, and Sanye is afraid to be affected by her wolf reputation. After the loss of happiness, the only thing she waited for was to go out independently.
In the old age, Qi Qiao constantly struggled with her children, which was actually a reflection of her life's misfortune. She deliberately killed her daughter-in-law, because she found her own youth in them, and she was jealous of their sex life, so she retaliated in a perverted way. This is precisely because she did not have a happy sex life; Because she is already hostile to men, because she is deceived by the man she loves, this is almost psychologically perverted ... The whole novel, from the surface to the front, from the side to the side, the technique is so wonderful, tangram In Zhang Ailing's writing, it is no longer a character on paper, but it is alive. This skill, at that time and now, is very few people can match.
After reading the entire article, maybe most readers, like me, will not only feel disgusted with the various abnormal ways of Qi Qiao, but will feel a kind of desolate sadness and sympathy. Qi Qiao is actually a very cute woman

When she was young, she would frown with the street traffickers and enjoy the joy of life. At the same time, she is also a very kind woman. Look at her. Although her brother took her to the fire pit, she will see her again and cry. After the incident, she also stuffed many precious gifts for her brother to bring back. At this time, she was still tender; after her lover Ji Ze was scolded by her, she would not hide behind the window and watch her lover rush away. ? At that time, she still had love in her heart. Even in her old age, she still missed the tenderness of her youth at a certain moment. In this way, this character is alive, and we have no worldly eyes on her. She is cute and unfortunate.
Zhang Ailing is indeed a strange woman. Not only her experience, but also in her article. I'd like to read it again and again, and play with it, it's fun.

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Zhang Ailing's "Golden Lock" After Reading

2012-11-03 00-00-00

"The Golden Lock" is one of Zhang Ailing's most important masterpieces. It has been praised by many critics. Mr. Fu Lei called it "the most beautiful harvest in the literary world", and Professor Xia Zhiqing called it "the greatest Chinese history since ancient times." Novel ". I have read it in my youth, and I do n’t have much experience. I have re-read it recently. In my opinion, compared with Zhang Ailing's other novels, this "Golden Lock" can be said to be the pinnacle of Zhang Ailing, both in terms of technique and ideology.

Where Ailing's talent lies, ordinary people cannot reach. Zhang Ailing is good at portraying women, and she especially describes various "bad women". The Golden Lock is no exception. The heroine of the novel, Cao Qiqiao, is a lower-class woman from a sesame oil store. However, her eldest brother married her in order to attach power. After the declining family of the Jiang family, her husband was an invalid who had been sick in bed since he was a child. He was a civilian born of Qi Qiao. He had a brave and candid side and suddenly entered a deadly and feudal feudal family. Is a tragic story. She was rejected and cold-hearted everywhere in the Jiang family, so she continued to resist, and in the eyes of others, she was notorious. Later, after the husband and the master died one after the other, the Jiang family split the family property, and Qi Qiao was finally able to break away from the feudal family's shackles-Zhang Ailing compared it to a golden lock-and moved her children to live outside. In the second half of Qi Qiao's life, although she did not have a depressed life and had an economic foundation, her second half of her life was unsatisfactory. In the old days, she once entrusted her with her fantasy favorite third man Ji Ze to come to her. She did not hesitate to expose his tricks of cheating money and buried the only love in her life; her children grew up to get married and get married, but Qi Qiao I want to live with my daughter-in-law, and finally angered her daughter-in-law. My daughter is still unmarried when she is thirty years old, so she finds a subject, and Qi Qiao is destroyed ... Finally, such an unfortunate woman finally dies in depression, ending her An unfortunate life.
Zhang Ailing's novels have been greatly influenced by traditional novels. This "Golden Lock" is particularly obvious. From a technical point of view, the shadow of "A Dream of Red Mansions" can be seen in many places. Such as character description. Writing Qi Qiao, the novel is not written directly at the beginning, but through the bedside gossip of two subordinates, to explain clearly the relationship between the characters and the general situation of this family, this and "Long Lou Xing" by Leng Zixing The story of Jia Yucun tells the story of the rise and fall of the two Rongning provinces.
In the mouth of two people, the origin of Qi Qiao was revealed; and then the rumors behind Er Qiao San Xuan were used to explain Qi Qiao's inferior status in the family, because she was a civilian and she was straightforward. Everyone looked down on her. After a series of pavements, Qi Qiao finally appeared. From the beginning, she wrote that she was so angry that she cried because she was acting as a matchmaker for Yun Ze, and in three words, she expressed her unique personality completely through words and actions. Jiang Fu's intricate character relationship is explained quite clearly. In just four or five thousand words, it is completely described on the side. It explains the birth of Qi Qiao, the relationship between the characters, and the image of the characters very well and clearly.
In fact, this method of lateral interpretation is widely used in novels. The best thing is in the back. When it was written that Qi Qiao asked the prospective son-in-law Tong Shizhen to meet them and wanted to dismantle them. In the eyes of Tong, I saw "the old lady with a small figure standing at the door", in Tong's heart, The impression is "intuitively feel that it is a lunatic", and when the novel was written Qi Qiao old age, there was no positive depiction of the image of Qi Qiao, but at the end, it was pointed out by the eyes of others. .
In addition, the novel spans thirty years, and the changes in writing characters and things, the method used in The Golden Lock is even more wonderful. For example, at the end of the novel, Qi Qiao pushed the bracelet on his arm, and that bracelet could not be pushed at all when he was young and mellow, but in old age, the oil is exhausted, and the bracelet can always be pushed onto the armpit. This gold bracelet is like one The shackles, thirty years of depression and desolation, in the middle of this push, it is the finishing touch!
Zhang Ailing constantly mentions the "moon" in the novel. The moon is a symbol of desolation and loneliness. Different people see the moon at different times and have different feelings. The moon is a witness of the inner changes of the characters. For example, the moon at the beginning is: "The flat lower quarter moon is lower, lower, and bigger, like a sink of red gold, sinking ...", which foreshadows a family that has fallen in the declining era; "a fuzzy moon, like a picture of a lithograph "This is the moon in the eyes of Chang'an ’s daughter, Chang'an;" There is a moon in Changying's dark clouds, one black and one white, like a dramatic puppet mask ", the moon in the eyes of Qiqiao;" tonight The moon is better than any other day. A tall full moon, cloudless, is like a white sun in the dark sky. It is the sun in the eyes of daughter-in-law. The lack of a full moon is a symbol of the fate of a character.
The tragic fate of Qiqiao is unfolded through a series of contradictions, and it is through a series of dramatic conflicts that the novel firmly grasps the reader's heart. In the beginning, a woman of modest birth placed in the feudal clan was itself the biggest contradiction and the beginning of the unfortunate fate of the character. Then through the contradiction between Qiqiao and Ji, Qiqiao and Sanye Jize, Qiqiao and his children's contradiction, one by one, the structure is rigorous, and the story begins in a scene of contradictions.
Qi Qiao is hot and fierce on the surface, and extremely distrustful of human nature. However, she still yearns for happiness in her bones. When she is lonely, she often thinks of the porker who had flirted with herself in the past. Even, she boldly pursues Sanye Jize. However, imagination is imagination after all, and Sanye is afraid to be affected by her wolf reputation. After the loss of happiness, the only thing she waited for was to go out independently.
In the old age, Qi Qiao constantly struggled with her children, which was actually a reflection of her life's misfortune. She deliberately killed her daughter-in-law, because she found her own youth in them, and she was jealous of their sex life, so she retaliated in a perverted way, precisely because she did not have a happy sex life; she broke up her daughter ’s marriage, Because she is already hostile to men, because she is deceived by the man she loves, this is almost psychologically perverted ... The whole novel, from the surface to the front, from the side to the side, the technique is so wonderful, tangram In Zhang Ailing's writing, it is no longer a character on paper, but it is alive. This skill, at that time and now, is very few people can match.
After reading the entire article, maybe most readers, like me, will not only feel disgusted with the various abnormal ways of Qi Qiao, but will feel a kind of desolate sadness and sympathy. Qi Qiao is actually a very cute woman

When she was young, she would frown with the street traffickers and enjoy the joy of life. At the same time, she is also a very kind woman. Look at her. Although her brother took her to the fire pit, she will see her again and cry. After the incident, she also stuffed many precious gifts for her brother to bring back. At this time, she was still tender; after her lover Ji Ze was scolded by her, she would not hide behind the window and watch her lover rush away. ? At that time, she still had love in her heart. Even in her old age, she still missed the tenderness of her youth at a certain moment. In this way, this character is alive, and we have no worldly eyes on her. She is cute and unfortunate.
Zhang Ailing is indeed a strange woman. Not only her experience, but also in her article. I'd like to read it again and again, and play with it, it's fun.

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